J Am Med Inform Assoc - Health information exchange technology on the front lines of healthcare: workflow factors and patterns of use.

Tópicos

{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
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{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
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{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
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{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
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{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
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{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
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{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
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{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
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{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
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{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
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{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

JECTIVE: The goal of this study was to develop an in-depth understanding of how a health information exchange (HIE) fits into clinical workflow at multiple clinical sites.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ethnographic qualitative study was conducted over a 9-month period in six emergency departments (ED) and eight ambulatory clinics in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. Data were collected using direct observation, informal interviews during observation, and formal semi-structured interviews. The authors observed for over 180 h, during which providers used the exchange 130 times.RESULTS: HIE-related workflow was modeled for each ED site and ambulatory clinic group and substantial site-to-site workflow differences were identified. Common patterns in HIE-related workflow were also identified across all sites, leading to the development of two role-based workflow models: nurse based and physician based. The workflow elements framework was applied to the two role-based patterns. An in-depth description was developed of how providers integrated HIE into existing clinical workflow, including prompts for HIE use.DISCUSSION: Workflow differed substantially among sites, but two general role-based HIE usage models were identified. Although providers used HIE to improve continuity of patient care, patient-provider trust played a significant role. Types of information retrieved related to roles, with nurses seeking to retrieve recent hospitalization data and more open-ended usage by nurse practitioners and physicians. User and role-specific customization to accommodate differences in workflow and information needs may increase the adoption and use of HIE.CONCLUSION: Understanding end users' perspectives towards HIE technology is crucial to the long-term success of HIE. By applying qualitative methods, an in-depth understanding of HIE usage was developed.

Resumo Limpo

jectiv goal studi develop indepth understand health inform exchang hie fit clinic workflow multipl clinic sitesmateri method ethnograph qualit studi conduct month period six emerg depart ed eight ambulatori clinic memphi tennesse usa data collect use direct observ inform interview observ formal semistructur interview author observ h provid use exchang timesresult hierel workflow model ed site ambulatori clinic group substanti sitetosit workflow differ identifi common pattern hierel workflow also identifi across site lead develop two rolebas workflow model nurs base physician base workflow element framework appli two rolebas pattern indepth descript develop provid integr hie exist clinic workflow includ prompt hie usediscuss workflow differ substanti among site two general rolebas hie usag model identifi although provid use hie improv continu patient care patientprovid trust play signific role type inform retriev relat role nurs seek retriev recent hospit data openend usag nurs practition physician user rolespecif custom accommod differ workflow inform need may increas adopt use hieconclus understand end user perspect toward hie technolog crucial longterm success hie appli qualit method indepth understand hie usag develop

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