J Biomed Inform - Security and privacy in electronic health records: a systematic literature review.

Tópicos

{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ search(2224) databas(1162) retriev(909) }
{ model(2341) predict(2261) use(1141) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ surgeri(1148) surgic(1085) robot(1054) }
{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ extract(1171) text(1153) clinic(932) }
{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ method(984) reconstruct(947) comput(926) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ treatment(1704) effect(941) patient(846) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ algorithm(1844) comput(1787) effici(935) }
{ method(1557) propos(1049) approach(1037) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ studi(1119) effect(1106) posit(819) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

JECTIVE: To report the results of a systematic literature review concerning the security and privacy of electronic health record (EHR) systems.DATA SOURCES: Original articles written in English found in MEDLINE, ACM Digital Library, Wiley InterScience, IEEE Digital Library, Science@Direct, MetaPress, ERIC, CINAHL and Trip Database.STUDY SELECTION: Only those articles dealing with the security and privacy of EHR systems.DATA EXTRACTION: The extraction of 775 articles using a predefined search string, the outcome of which was reviewed by three authors and checked by a fourth.RESULTS: A total of 49 articles were selected, of which 26 used standards or regulations related to the privacy and security of EHR data. The most widely used regulations are the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and the European Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC. We found 23 articles that used symmetric key and/or asymmetric key schemes and 13 articles that employed the pseudo anonymity technique in EHR systems. A total of 11 articles propose the use of a digital signature scheme based on PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) and 13 articles propose a login/password (seven of them combined with a digital certificate or PIN) for authentication. The preferred access control model appears to be Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), since it is used in 27 studies. Ten of these studies discuss who should define the EHR systems' roles. Eleven studies discuss who should provide access to EHR data: patients or health entities. Sixteen of the articles reviewed indicate that it is necessary to override defined access policies in the case of an emergency. In 25 articles an audit-log of the system is produced. Only four studies mention that system users and/or health staff should be trained in security and privacy.CONCLUSIONS: Recent years have witnessed the design of standards and the promulgation of directives concerning security and privacy in EHR systems. However, more work should be done to adopt these regulations and to deploy secure EHR systems.

Resumo Limpo

jectiv report result systemat literatur review concern secur privaci electron health record ehr systemsdata sourc origin articl written english found medlin acm digit librari wiley intersci ieee digit librari sciencedirect metapress eric cinahl trip databasestudi select articl deal secur privaci ehr systemsdata extract extract articl use predefin search string outcom review three author check fourthresult total articl select use standard regul relat privaci secur ehr data wide use regul health insur portabl account act hipaa european data protect direct ec found articl use symmetr key andor asymmetr key scheme articl employ pseudo anonym techniqu ehr system total articl propos use digit signatur scheme base pki public key infrastructur articl propos loginpassword seven combin digit certif pin authent prefer access control model appear rolebas access control rbac sinc use studi ten studi discuss defin ehr system role eleven studi discuss provid access ehr data patient health entiti sixteen articl review indic necessari overrid defin access polici case emerg articl auditlog system produc four studi mention system user andor health staff train secur privacyconclus recent year wit design standard promulg direct concern secur privaci ehr system howev work done adopt regul deploy secur ehr system

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