J Biomed Inform - A bootstrapping algorithm to improve cohort identification using structured data.

Tópicos

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{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
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{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
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{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
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{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
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{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
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{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
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{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
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{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }

Resumo

Cohort identification is an important step in conducting clinical research studies. Use of ICD-9 codes to identify disease cohorts is a common approach that can yield satisfactory results in certain conditions; however, for many use-cases more accurate methods are required. In this study, we propose a bootstrapping method that supplements ICD-9 codes with lab results, medications, etc. to build classification models that can be used to identify cohorts more accurately. The proposed method does not require prior information about the true class of the patients. We used the method to identify Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Hyperlipidemia (HL) patient cohorts from a database of 800 thousand patients. Evaluation results show that the method identified 11,000 patients who did not have DM related ICD-9 codes as positive for DM and 52,000 patients without HL codes as positive for HL. A review of 400 patient charts (200 patients for each condition) by two clinicians shows that in both the conditions studied, the labeling assigned by the proposed approach is more consistent with that of the clinicians compared to labeling through ICD-9 codes. The method is reasonably automated and, we believe, holds potential for inexpensive, more accurate cohort identification.

Resumo Limpo

cohort identif import step conduct clinic research studi use icd code identifi diseas cohort common approach can yield satisfactori result certain condit howev mani usecas accur method requir studi propos bootstrap method supplement icd code lab result medic etc build classif model can use identifi cohort accur propos method requir prior inform true class patient use method identifi diabet mellitus dm hyperlipidemia hl patient cohort databas thousand patient evalu result show method identifi patient dm relat icd code posit dm patient without hl code posit hl review patient chart patient condit two clinician show condit studi label assign propos approach consist clinician compar label icd code method reason autom believ hold potenti inexpens accur cohort identif

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