J Clin Monit Comput - Analysis of plethysmographic waveform changes induced by beach chair positioning under general anesthesia.


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During shoulder surgery, patients typically are placed in the beach chair position. In rare cases, this positioning has resulted in devastating outcomes of postoperative cerebral ischemia (Cullen and Kirby in APSF Newsl 22(2):25-27, 2007; Munis in APSF Newsl 22(4):82-83, 2008). This study presents a method to noninvasively and continuously hemodynamically monitor patients during beach chair positioning by using the photoplethysmograph signal recorded from a commercial pulse oximeter. Twenty-nine adults undergoing shoulder surgery were monitored before and after beach chair positioning with electrocardiogram, intermittent blood pressure, end tidal carbon dioxide, and photoplethysmograph via Nellcor finger pulse oximeter. Fast Fourier transform (FFT) was used to perform frequency-domain analysis on the photoplethysmograph (PPG) signal for data segments taken 80-120?s before and after beach chair positioning. The amplitude density of respiration-associated PPG oscillations was quantified measuring the height of the FFT peak at respiratory frequency. Results were reported as (median, interquartile range) and statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon sign rank test. Data were also collected when vasoactive drugs phenylephrine and ephedrine were used to maintain acceptable mean arterial pressure during a case. With beach chair positioning, all subjects who did not receive vasoactive drugs showed an increase in the FFT amplitude density of respiration-associated PPG oscillations (p?<?0.0001) without change in pulse-associated PPG oscillations. The PPG was more accurate at monitoring the change to beach chair position than blood pressure or heart rate. With vasoactive drugs, pulse-associated PPG oscillations decreased only with phenylephrine while respiration-associated oscillations did not change. Frequency domain analysis of the PPG signal may be a better tool than traditional noninvasive hemodynamic parameters at monitoring patients during beach chair position surgery.

Resumo Limpo

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