J Clin Monit Comput - Monitoring of intratidal lung mechanics: a Graphical User Interface for a model-based decision support system for PEEP-titration in mechanical ventilation.

Tópicos

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Resumo

In mechanical ventilation, a careful setting of the ventilation parameters in accordance with the current individual state of the lung is crucial to minimize ventilator induced lung injury. Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has to be set to prevent collapse of the alveoli, however at the same time overdistension should be avoided. Classic approaches of analyzing static respiratory system mechanics fail in particular if lung injury already prevails. A new approach of analyzing dynamic respiratory system mechanics to set PEEP uses the intratidal, volume-dependent compliance which is believed to stay relatively constant during one breath only if neither atelectasis nor overdistension occurs. To test the success of this dynamic approach systematically at bedside or in an animal study, automation of the computing steps is necessary. A decision support system for optimizing PEEP in form of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) was targeted. Respiratory system mechanics were analyzed using the gliding SLICE method. The resulting shapes of the intratidal compliance-volume curve were classified into one of six categories, each associated with a PEEP-suggestion. The GUI should include a graphical representation of the results as well as a quality check to judge the reliability of the suggestion. The implementation of a user-friendly GUI was successfully realized. The agreement between modelled and measured pressure data [expressed as root-mean-square (RMS)] tested during the implementation phase with real respiratory data from two patient studies was below 0.2?mbar for data taken in volume controlled mode and below 0.4?mbar for data taken in pressure controlled mode except for two cases with RMS?<?0.6?mbar. Visual inspections showed, that good and medium quality data could be reliably identified. The new GUI allows visualization of intratidal compliance-volume curves on a breath-by-breath basis. The automatic categorisation of curve shape into one of six shape-categories provides the rational decision-making model for PEEP-titration.

Resumo Limpo

mechan ventil care set ventil paramet accord current individu state lung crucial minim ventil induc lung injuri posit endexpiratori pressur peep set prevent collaps alveoli howev time overdistens avoid classic approach analyz static respiratori system mechan fail particular lung injuri alreadi prevail new approach analyz dynam respiratori system mechan set peep use intratid volumedepend complianc believ stay relat constant one breath neither atelectasi overdistens occur test success dynam approach systemat bedsid anim studi autom comput step necessari decis support system optim peep form graphic user interfac gui target respiratori system mechan analyz use glide slice method result shape intratid compliancevolum curv classifi one six categori associ peepsuggest gui includ graphic represent result well qualiti check judg reliabl suggest implement userfriend gui success realiz agreement model measur pressur data express rootmeansquar rms test implement phase real respiratori data two patient studi mbar data taken volum control mode mbar data taken pressur control mode except two case rmsmbar visual inspect show good medium qualiti data reliabl identifi new gui allow visual intratid compliancevolum curv breathbybreath basi automat categoris curv shape one six shapecategori provid ration decisionmak model peeptitr

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