J Clin Monit Comput - Identification of apnea during respiratory monitoring using support vector machine classifier: a pilot study.

Tópicos

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Resumo

To determine the use of photoplethysmography (PPG) as a reliable marker for identifying respiratory apnea based on time-frequency features with support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The PPG signals were acquired from 40 healthy subjects with the help of a simple, non-invasive experimental setup under normal and induced apnea conditions. Artifact free segments were selected and baseline and amplitude variabilities were derived from each recording. Frequency spectrum analysis was then applied to study the power distribution in the low frequency (0.04-0.15 Hz) and high frequency (0.15-0.40 Hz) bands as a result of respiratory pattern changes. Support vector machine (SVM) learning algorithm was used to distinguish between the normal and apnea waveforms using different time-frequency features. The algorithm was trained and tested (780 and 500 samples respectively) and all the simulations were carried out using linear kernel function. Classification accuracy of 97.22 % was obtained for the combination of power ratio and reflection index features using SVM classifier. The pilot study indicates that PPG can be used as a cost effective diagnostic tool for detecting respiratory apnea using a simple, robust and non-invasive experimental setup. The ease of application and conclusive results has proved that such a system can be further developed for use in real-time monitoring under critical care conditions.

Resumo Limpo

determin use photoplethysmographi ppg reliabl marker identifi respiratori apnea base timefrequ featur support vector machin svm classifi ppg signal acquir healthi subject help simpl noninvas experiment setup normal induc apnea condit artifact free segment select baselin amplitud variabl deriv record frequenc spectrum analysi appli studi power distribut low frequenc hz high frequenc hz band result respiratori pattern chang support vector machin svm learn algorithm use distinguish normal apnea waveform use differ timefrequ featur algorithm train test sampl respect simul carri use linear kernel function classif accuraci obtain combin power ratio reflect index featur use svm classifi pilot studi indic ppg can use cost effect diagnost tool detect respiratori apnea use simpl robust noninvas experiment setup eas applic conclus result prove system can develop use realtim monitor critic care condit

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