BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Identification of features of electronic prescribing systems to support quality and safety in primary care using a modified Delphi process.

Tópicos

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Resumo

CKGROUND: Electronic prescribing is increasingly being used in primary care and in hospitals. Studies on the effects of e-prescribing systems have found evidence for both benefit and harm. The aim of this study was to identify features of e-prescribing software systems that support patient safety and quality of care and that are useful to the clinician and the patient, with a focus on improving the quality use of medicines.METHODS: Software features were identified by a literature review, key informants and an expert group. A modified Delphi process was used with a 12-member multidisciplinary expert group to reach consensus on the expected impact of the features in four domains: patient safety, quality of care, usefulness to the clinician and usefulness to the patient. The setting was electronic prescribing in general practice in Australia.RESULTS: A list of 114 software features was developed. Most of the features relate to the recording and use of patient data, the medication selection process, prescribing decision support, monitoring drug therapy and clinical reports. The expert group rated 78 of the features (68%) as likely to have a high positive impact in at least one domain, 36 features (32%) as medium impact, and none as low or negative impact. Twenty seven features were rated as high positive impact across 3 or 4 domains including patient safety and quality of care. Ten features were considered "aspirational" because of a lack of agreed standards and/or suitable knowledge bases.CONCLUSIONS: This study defines features of e-prescribing software systems that are expected to support safety and quality, especially in relation to prescribing and use of medicines in general practice. The features could be used to develop software standards, and could be adapted if necessary for use in other settings and countries.

Resumo Limpo

ckground electron prescrib increas use primari care hospit studi effect eprescrib system found evid benefit harm aim studi identifi featur eprescrib softwar system support patient safeti qualiti care use clinician patient focus improv qualiti use medicinesmethod softwar featur identifi literatur review key inform expert group modifi delphi process use member multidisciplinari expert group reach consensus expect impact featur four domain patient safeti qualiti care use clinician use patient set electron prescrib general practic australiaresult list softwar featur develop featur relat record use patient data medic select process prescrib decis support monitor drug therapi clinic report expert group rate featur like high posit impact least one domain featur medium impact none low negat impact twenti seven featur rate high posit impact across domain includ patient safeti qualiti care ten featur consid aspir lack agre standard andor suitabl knowledg basesconclus studi defin featur eprescrib softwar system expect support safeti qualiti especi relat prescrib use medicin general practic featur use develop softwar standard adapt necessari use set countri

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