J Telemed Telecare - The effect of psychosocial interventions delivered by telephone and videophone on quality of life in early-stage breast cancer survivors and their supportive partners.

Tópicos

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Resumo

We examined the effectiveness of two psychosocial interventions for improving QOL in recently diagnosed breast cancer survivors and their partners. The interventions were telephone health education (THE) and interpersonal counselling. The latter was delivered by telephone (TC) or by videophone (VC) in 8 weekly one-to-one sessions. Fifty two dyads composed of a woman with breast cancer and her supportive partner were randomly assigned to THE, TC or VC. The average age of the survivors was 53 years (range 40-66), and they were mainly white, married, with a college education, and employed. Approximately half of the supportive partners were spouses. Surveys of quality of life (QOL) were made at three points in the study, each separated by 8 weeks. There was significantly higher attrition in the THE group compared to the videophone or telephone counselling groups among both survivors (44% vs. 10% and 8%) and partners (44% vs. 10% and 15%). Regardless of group, participants showed increased QOL over time. Survivors' and partners' social well-being improved in the telephone and videophone interpersonal counselling treatment groups, but not in the health education group. Telephone-delivered psychosocial interventions can be effective for managing QOL in breast cancer survivors and their supportive partners. There was no evidence of superior outcomes associated with using videophones over the conventional telephone.

Resumo Limpo

examin effect two psychosoci intervent improv qol recent diagnos breast cancer survivor partner intervent telephon health educ interperson counsel latter deliv telephon tc videophon vc week onetoon session fifti two dyad compos woman breast cancer support partner random assign tc vc averag age survivor year rang main white marri colleg educ employ approxim half support partner spous survey qualiti life qol made three point studi separ week signific higher attrit group compar videophon telephon counsel group among survivor vs partner vs regardless group particip show increas qol time survivor partner social wellb improv telephon videophon interperson counsel treatment group health educ group telephonedeliv psychosoci intervent can effect manag qol breast cancer survivor support partner evid superior outcom associ use videophon convent telephon

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