BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Surfing the internet for health information: an italian survey on use and population choices.


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CKGROUND: Recent international sources have described how the rapid expansion of the Internet has precipitated an increase in its use by the general population to search for medical information. Most studies on e-health use investigated either through the prevalence of such use and the social and income patterns of users in selected populations, or the psychological consequences and satisfaction experienced by patients with particular diseases. Few studies have been carried out in Europe that have tried to identify the behavioral consequences of Internet use for health-related purposes in the general population.The aims of this study are to provide information about the prevalence of Internet use for health-related purposes in Italy according to demographic and socio-cultural features, to investigate the impact of the information found on health-related behaviors and choices and to analyze any differences based on health condition, self-rated health and relationships with health professionals and facilities.METHODS: A multicenter survey was designed within six representative Italian cities. Data were collected through a validated questionnaire administered in hospital laboratories by physicians. Respondents were questioned about their generic condition, their use of the Internet and their health behaviors and choices related to Internet use. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression to assess any differences by socio-demographic and health-related variables.RESULTS: The sample included 3018 individuals between the ages of 18 and 65 years. Approximately 65% of respondents reported using the Internet, and 57% of them reported using it to search for health-related information. The main reasons for search on the Internet were faster access and a greater amount of information. People using the Internet more for health-related purposes were younger, female and affected by chronic diseases.CONCLUSIONS: A large number of Internet users search for health information and subsequently modify their health behaviors and relationships with their medical providers. This may suggest a strong public health impact with consequences in all European countries, and it would be prudent to plan educational and prevention programs. However, it could be important to investigate the quality of health-related websites to protect and inform users.

Resumo Limpo

ckground recent intern sourc describ rapid expans internet precipit increas use general popul search medic inform studi ehealth use investig either preval use social incom pattern user select popul psycholog consequ satisfact experienc patient particular diseas studi carri europ tri identifi behavior consequ internet use healthrel purpos general populationth aim studi provid inform preval internet use healthrel purpos itali accord demograph sociocultur featur investig impact inform found healthrel behavior choic analyz differ base health condit selfrat health relationship health profession facilitiesmethod multicent survey design within six repres italian citi data collect valid questionnair administ hospit laboratori physician respond question generic condit use internet health behavior choic relat internet use data analyz use descript statist logist regress assess differ sociodemograph healthrel variablesresult sampl includ individu age year approxim respond report use internet report use search healthrel inform main reason search internet faster access greater amount inform peopl use internet healthrel purpos younger femal affect chronic diseasesconclus larg number internet user search health inform subsequ modifi health behavior relationship medic provid may suggest strong public health impact consequ european countri prudent plan educ prevent program howev import investig qualiti healthrel websit protect inform user

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