J Telemed Telecare - Use of mobile phones as a tool for weight loss: a systematic review.


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We conducted a systematic review of the literature on the use of mobile phones for weight loss. A total of 43 studies were identified on obese or overweight adults, aged 18 years or over. After review, ten articles met the inclusion criteria. There were 19-534 participants per study. Participants were from European, Asian and North American regions. The mean body mass index (BMI) of the subjects varied from 22 to 36kg/m(2). Two studies used text messaging or multimedia messaging. All the other studies used mobile-phone apps or web-based programmes that could be accessed from mobile phones as a part of a weight-loss intervention or for evaluating their potential for use and their acceptance. Most studies lasted 2-4 months and the maximum duration was 1 year. All but two studies showed reductions in the participants' bodyweight, BMI, waist circumference and body fat in the various interventions. There appeared to be a proportional relationship between weight loss and programme use. The programmes most benefited those who took a pro-active approach to everyday problems. Frequent self-recording of weight seemed to be important, as was the personalisation of the intervention (counselling and individualized feedback). Finally, a social support system acted as a motivational tool.

Resumo Limpo

conduct systemat review literatur use mobil phone weight loss total studi identifi obes overweight adult age year review ten articl met inclus criteria particip per studi particip european asian north american region mean bodi mass index bmi subject vari kgm two studi use text messag multimedia messag studi use mobilephon app webbas programm access mobil phone part weightloss intervent evalu potenti use accept studi last month maximum durat year two studi show reduct particip bodyweight bmi waist circumfer bodi fat various intervent appear proport relationship weight loss programm use programm benefit took proactiv approach everyday problem frequent selfrecord weight seem import personalis intervent counsel individu feedback final social support system act motiv tool

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