J. Med. Internet Res. - Effectiveness of web-based interventions on patient empowerment: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Tópicos

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Resumo

CKGROUND: Patient empowerment is growing in popularity and application. Due to the increasing possibilities of the Internet and eHealth, many initiatives that are aimed at empowering patients are delivered online.OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate whether Web-based interventions are effective in increasing patient empowerment compared with usual care or face-to-face interventions.METHODS: We performed a systematic review by searching the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases from January 1985 to January 2009 for relevant citations. From the 7096 unique citations retrieved from the search strategy, we included 14 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that met all inclusion criteria. Pairs of review authors assessed the methodological quality of the obtained studies using the Downs and Black checklist. A meta-analysis was performed on studies that measured comparable outcomes. The GRADE approach was used to determine the level of evidence for each outcome.RESULTS: In comparison with usual care or no care, Web-based interventions had a significant positive effect on empowerment measured with the Diabetes Empowerment Scale (2 studies, standardized mean difference [SMD] = 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.29 - 0.94]), on self-efficacy measured with disease-specific self-efficacy scales (9 studies, SMD = 0.23, 95% CI 0.12 - 0.33), and on mastery measured with the Pearlin Mastery Scale (1 study, mean difference [MD] = 2.95, 95% CI 1.66 - 4.24). No effects were found for self-efficacy measured with general self-efficacy scales (3 studies, SMD = 0.05, 95% CI -0.25 to 0.35) or for self-esteem measured with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (1 study, MD = -0.38, 95% CI -2.45 to 1.69). Furthermore, when comparing Web-based interventions with face-to-face deliveries of the same interventions, no significant (beneficial or harmful) effects were found for mastery (1 study, MD = 1.20, 95% CI -1.73 to 4.13) and self-esteem (1 study, MD = -0.10, 95% CI -0.45 to 0.25).CONCLUSIONS: Web-based interventions showed positive effects on empowerment measured with the Diabetes Empowerment Scale, disease-specific self-efficacy scales and the Pearlin Mastery Scale. Because of the low quality of evidence we found, the results should be interpreted with caution. The clinical relevance of the findings can be questioned because the significant effects we found were, in general, small.

Resumo Limpo

ckground patient empower grow popular applic due increas possibl internet ehealth mani initi aim empow patient deliv onlineobject object evalu whether webbas intervent effect increas patient empower compar usual care facetofac interventionsmethod perform systemat review search medlin embas psycinfo databas januari januari relev citat uniqu citat retriev search strategi includ random control trial rcts met inclus criteria pair review author assess methodolog qualiti obtain studi use down black checklist metaanalysi perform studi measur compar outcom grade approach use determin level evid outcomeresult comparison usual care care webbas intervent signific posit effect empower measur diabet empower scale studi standard mean differ smd confid interv ci selfefficaci measur diseasespecif selfefficaci scale studi smd ci masteri measur pearlin masteri scale studi mean differ md ci effect found selfefficaci measur general selfefficaci scale studi smd ci selfesteem measur rosenberg selfesteem scale studi md ci furthermor compar webbas intervent facetofac deliveri intervent signific benefici harm effect found masteri studi md ci selfesteem studi md ci conclus webbas intervent show posit effect empower measur diabet empower scale diseasespecif selfefficaci scale pearlin masteri scale low qualiti evid found result interpret caution clinic relev find can question signific effect found general small

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