J. Med. Internet Res. - Use of the internet as a health information resource among French young adults: results from a nationally representative survey.

Tópicos

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Resumo

CKGROUND: The Internet is one of the main resources of health information especially for young adults, but website content is not always trustworthy or validated. Little is known about this specific population and the importance of online health searches for use and impact. It is fundamental to assess behaviors and attitudes of young people looking for online health-related information and their level of trust in such information.OBJECTIVE: The objective is to describe the characteristics of Internet users aged 15-30 years who use the Web as a health information resource and their trust in it, and to define the context and the effect of such use on French young adults' behavior in relation to their medical consultations.METHODS: We used the French Health Barometer 2010, a nationally representative survey of 27,653 individuals that investigates population health behaviors and concerns. Multivariate logistic regressions were performed using a subsample of 1052 young adults aged 15-30 years to estimate associations between demographics, socioeconomic, and health status and (1) the use of the Internet to search for health information, and (2) its impact on health behaviors and the physician-patient relationship.RESULTS: In 2010, 48.5% (474/977) of Web users aged 15-30 years used the Internet for health purposes. Those who did not use the Internet for health purposes reported being informed enough by other sources (75.0%, 377/503), stated they preferred seeing a doctor (74.1%, 373/503) or did not trust the information on the Internet (67.2%, 338/503). However, approximately 80% (371/474) of young online health seekers considered the information found online reliable. Women (P<.001) and people with higher sociocultural positions (OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.3-0.9 and OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.7 for employees and manual workers, respectively, vs individuals with executive or manager positions) were more likely to use the Internet for health purposes. For a subsample of women only, online health seeking was more likely among those having a child (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-2.7) and experiencing psychological distress (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.0-4.0). Finally, for online health seekers aged 15-30 years, one-third (33.3%, 157/474) reported they changed their health behaviors (eg, frequency of medical consultations, way of taking care of one's own health) because of their online searches. Different factors were associated with different outcomes of change, but psychological distress, poor quality of life, and low income were the most common.CONCLUSIONS: The Internet is a useful tool to spread health information and prevention campaigns, especially to target young adults. Young adults trust online information and consider the Internet as a valid source of health advice. Health agencies should ensure the improvement of online health information quality and the creation of health-related websites and programs dedicated to young adults.

Resumo Limpo

ckground internet one main resourc health inform especi young adult websit content alway trustworthi valid littl known specif popul import onlin health search use impact fundament assess behavior attitud young peopl look onlin healthrel inform level trust informationobject object describ characterist internet user age year use web health inform resourc trust defin context effect use french young adult behavior relat medic consultationsmethod use french health baromet nation repres survey individu investig popul health behavior concern multivari logist regress perform use subsampl young adult age year estim associ demograph socioeconom health status use internet search health inform impact health behavior physicianpati relationshipresult web user age year use internet health purpos use internet health purpos report inform enough sourc state prefer see doctor trust inform internet howev approxim young onlin health seeker consid inform found onlin reliabl women p peopl higher sociocultur posit ci ci employe manual worker respect vs individu execut manag posit like use internet health purpos subsampl women onlin health seek like among child ci experienc psycholog distress ci final onlin health seeker age year onethird report chang health behavior eg frequenc medic consult way take care one health onlin search differ factor associ differ outcom chang psycholog distress poor qualiti life low incom commonconclus internet use tool spread health inform prevent campaign especi target young adult young adult trust onlin inform consid internet valid sourc health advic health agenc ensur improv onlin health inform qualiti creation healthrel websit program dedic young adult

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