J. Med. Internet Res. - Internet use for health-related information via personal computers and cell phones in Japan: a cross-sectional population-based survey.

Tópicos

{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
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{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
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{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
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{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
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{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
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Resumo

CKGROUND: The Internet is known to be used for health purposes by the general public all over the world. However, little is known about the use of, attitudes toward, and activities regarding eHealth among the Japanese population.OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure the prevalence of Internet use for health-related information compared with other sources, and to examine the effects on user knowledge, attitudes, and activities with regard to Internet use for health-related information in Japan. We examined the extent of use via personal computers and cell phones.METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a quasi-representative sample (N = 1200) of the Japanese general population aged 15-79 years in September 2007. The main outcome measures were (1) self-reported rates of Internet use in the past year to acquire health-related information and to contact health professionals, family, friends, and peers specifically for health-related purposes, and (2) perceived effects of Internet use on health care.RESULTS: The prevalence of Internet use via personal computer for acquiring health-related information was 23.8% (286/1200) among those surveyed, whereas the prevalence via cell phone was 6% (77). Internet use via both personal computer and cell phone for communicating with health professionals, family, friends, or peers was not common. The Internet was used via personal computer for acquiring health-related information primarily by younger people, people with higher education levels, and people with higher household incomes. The majority of those who used the Internet for health care purposes responded that the Internet improved their knowledge or affected their lifestyle attitude, and that they felt confident in the health-related information they obtained from the Internet. However, less than one-quarter thought it improved their ability to manage their health or affected their health-related activities.CONCLUSIONS: Japanese moderately used the Internet via personal computers for health purposes, and rarely used the Internet via cell phones. Older people, people with lower education levels, and people with lower household incomes were less likely to access the Internet via cell phone. The Internet moderately improved users' health-related knowledge and attitudes but seldom changed their health-related abilities and activities. To encourage communication between health providers and consumers, it is important to improve eHealth literacy, especially in middle-aged people. It is also important to make adequate amendments to the reimbursement payment system and nationwide eHealth privacy and security framework, and to develop a collaborative relationship among industry, government, and academia.

Resumo Limpo

ckground internet known use health purpos general public world howev littl known use attitud toward activ regard ehealth among japanes populationobject studi aim measur preval internet use healthrel inform compar sourc examin effect user knowledg attitud activ regard internet use healthrel inform japan examin extent use via person comput cell phonesmethod conduct crosssect survey quasirepres sampl n japanes general popul age year septemb main outcom measur selfreport rate internet use past year acquir healthrel inform contact health profession famili friend peer specif healthrel purpos perceiv effect internet use health careresult preval internet use via person comput acquir healthrel inform among survey wherea preval via cell phone internet use via person comput cell phone communic health profession famili friend peer common internet use via person comput acquir healthrel inform primarili younger peopl peopl higher educ level peopl higher household incom major use internet health care purpos respond internet improv knowledg affect lifestyl attitud felt confid healthrel inform obtain internet howev less onequart thought improv abil manag health affect healthrel activitiesconclus japanes moder use internet via person comput health purpos rare use internet via cell phone older peopl peopl lower educ level peopl lower household incom less like access internet via cell phone internet moder improv user healthrel knowledg attitud seldom chang healthrel abil activ encourag communic health provid consum import improv ehealth literaci especi middleag peopl also import make adequ amend reimburs payment system nationwid ehealth privaci secur framework develop collabor relationship among industri govern academia

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