J. Med. Internet Res. - Internet and mobile technology use among urban African American parents: survey study of a clinical population.

Tópicos

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Resumo

CKGROUND: There is considerable potential for mobile technologies to empower pediatric patients and families by improving their communication with health professionals. National surveys suggest minority parents frequently communicate via mobile technology, but it is uncertain how amenable they are to receiving health care information in this format. Although the low cost and far reach characteristics of mobile health (mHealth) technology makes it advantageous for communication with minority parents, data on acceptance are needed.OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine utilization of mobile and Internet technology by African American parents in an urban, underserved population, and to assess their interest in receiving health information via text messaging or other technologies (eg, social media and the Internet).METHODS: A survey was administered to parents of children aged 1-12 years covered by public insurance receiving care at 3 pediatric primary care centers in Washington, DC.RESULTS: The African American sample (N=302) was composed of primarily single (75.8%, 229/302) mothers. Almost half had more than a high school education (47.7%, 144/302) and incomes above US $25,000 per year (43.0%, 130/302). Most (97.0%, 293/302) reported owning a cell phone, of which 91.1% (275/302) used it to text and 78.5% (237/302) used it to access the Internet. Most had service plans with unlimited text and data, but 26.5% (80/302) experienced service interruptions in the previous year. Home Internet access was more prevalent among those with higher income (86.2%, 112/130), but it was still relatively pervasive among lower income families (66.9%, 83/124). In adjusted logistic regression models, African American mothers with income greater than US $25,000 annually were 4 times as likely to own a tablet computer than their lower income counterparts. Of the participants, 80.8% (244/302) used social networking, primarily Facebook, and 74.2% (224/302) were interested in joining a social networking group about a health topic concerning their child. Although relatively few African American mothers (17.9%, 54/302) shared health information via texting, there was strong interest in receiving health information via mobile phones (87.4%, 264/302). There was no significant difference in Internet/mobile device use or interest in using these outlets to send/receive information about their children's health between parents of healthy children and parents of children with chronic health conditions.CONCLUSIONS: Urban African American parents are active users of the Internet and mobile technology for social interactions, but they are less likely to use it for accessing or communicating health information. However, most parents expressed an interest in receiving health information or utilizing social networking to learn more about health topics. Mobile technology and social networks may be an underutilized method of providing health information to underserved minority populations.

Resumo Limpo

ckground consider potenti mobil technolog empow pediatr patient famili improv communic health profession nation survey suggest minor parent frequent communic via mobil technolog uncertain amen receiv health care inform format although low cost far reach characterist mobil health mhealth technolog make advantag communic minor parent data accept neededobject object studi determin util mobil internet technolog african american parent urban underserv popul assess interest receiv health inform via text messag technolog eg social media internetmethod survey administ parent children age year cover public insur receiv care pediatr primari care center washington dcresult african american sampl n compos primarili singl mother almost half high school educ incom us per year report own cell phone use text use access internet servic plan unlimit text data experienc servic interrupt previous year home internet access preval among higher incom still relat pervas among lower incom famili adjust logist regress model african american mother incom greater us annual time like tablet comput lower incom counterpart particip use social network primarili facebook interest join social network group health topic concern child although relat african american mother share health inform via text strong interest receiv health inform via mobil phone signific differ internetmobil devic use interest use outlet sendrec inform children health parent healthi children parent children chronic health conditionsconclus urban african american parent activ user internet mobil technolog social interact less like use access communic health inform howev parent express interest receiv health inform util social network learn health topic mobil technolog social network may underutil method provid health inform underserv minor popul

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