J. Med. Internet Res. - Using online health communities to deliver patient-centered care to people with chronic conditions.

Tópicos

{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
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{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
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{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
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{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
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{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

CKGROUND: Our health care system faces major threats as the number of people with multiple chronic conditions rises dramatically.OBJECTIVE: To study the use of Online Health Communities (OHCs) as a tool to facilitate high-quality and affordable health care for future generations.METHODS: OHCs are Internet-based platforms that unite either a group of patients, a group of professionals, or a mixture of both. Members interact using modern communication technologies such as blogs, chats, forums, and wikis. We illustrate the use of OHCs for ParkinsonNet, a professional network for Parkinson disease whose participants-both patients and professionals-use various types of OHCs to deliver patient-centered care.RESULTS: We discuss several potential applications in clinical practice. First, due to rapid advances in medical knowledge, many health professionals lack sufficient expertise to address the complex health care needs of chronic patients. OHCs can be used to share experiences, exchange knowledge, and increase disease-specific expertise. Second, current health care delivery is fragmented, as many patients acquire relationships with multiple professionals and institutions. OHCs can bridge geographical distances and enable interdisciplinary collaboration across institutions and traditional echelons. Third, chronic patients lack adequate tools to self-manage their disease. OHCs can be used to actively engage and empower patients in their health care process and to tailor care to their individual needs. Personal health communities of individual patients offer unique opportunities to store all medical information in one central place, while allowing transparent communication across all members of each patient's health care team.CONCLUSIONS: OHCs are a powerful tool to address some of the challenges chronic care faces today. OHCs help to facilitate communication among professionals and patients and support coordination of care across traditional echelons, which does not happen spontaneously in busy practice.

Resumo Limpo

ckground health care system face major threat number peopl multipl chronic condit rise dramaticallyobject studi use onlin health communiti ohc tool facilit highqual afford health care futur generationsmethod ohc internetbas platform unit either group patient group profession mixtur member interact use modern communic technolog blog chat forum wiki illustr use ohc parkinsonnet profession network parkinson diseas whose participantsboth patient professionalsus various type ohc deliv patientcent careresult discuss sever potenti applic clinic practic first due rapid advanc medic knowledg mani health profession lack suffici expertis address complex health care need chronic patient ohc can use share experi exchang knowledg increas diseasespecif expertis second current health care deliveri fragment mani patient acquir relationship multipl profession institut ohc can bridg geograph distanc enabl interdisciplinari collabor across institut tradit echelon third chronic patient lack adequ tool selfmanag diseas ohc can use activ engag empow patient health care process tailor care individu need person health communiti individu patient offer uniqu opportun store medic inform one central place allow transpar communic across member patient health care teamconclus ohc power tool address challeng chronic care face today ohc help facilit communic among profession patient support coordin care across tradit echelon happen spontan busi practic

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