J. Med. Internet Res. - A field test of Web-based screening for dry eye disease to enhance awareness of eye problems among general Internet users: a latent strategy to promote health.


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CKGROUND: A Web-based self-check system including a brief questionnaire would seem to be a suitable tool for rapid disease screening.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this preliminary study was to test a Web-based self-screening questionnaire for drawing attention to dry eye disease among general Internet users and identifying those with a higher risk of developing the condition.METHODS: A survey website was launched and used to recruit participants from general Internet users. In the first phase, volunteers were asked to complete a Web-based self-screening questionnaire containing 12 questions on dry eye symptoms. The second phase focused on the respondents who reported five or more dry eye symptoms and expressed their intention to seek medical attention. These participants performed the Schirmer test, for evaluating tear production, and completed a paper-based lifestyle questionnaire to provide relevant background data.RESULTS: Of the 1689 visitors to the website, 980 (58.0%) volunteers completed the Web-based self-screening questionnaire. Among these, 355 (36.2%) respondents reported five or more dry eye symptoms. Then, 99 (27.9%) of the symptomatic participants performed the Schirmer test and completed the paper-based lifestyle questionnaire. Out of these, 32 (32.2%) had abnormal tear production (=5 mm).CONCLUSIONS: The proposed Web-based self-screening questionnaire seems to be a promising tool for raising awareness of dry eye disease among general Internet users and identifying those with a higher risk of developing the condition, although further research is needed to validate its effectiveness.

Resumo Limpo

ckground webbas selfcheck system includ brief questionnair seem suitabl tool rapid diseas screeningobject purpos preliminari studi test webbas selfscreen questionnair draw attent dri eye diseas among general internet user identifi higher risk develop conditionmethod survey websit launch use recruit particip general internet user first phase volunt ask complet webbas selfscreen questionnair contain question dri eye symptom second phase focus respond report five dri eye symptom express intent seek medic attent particip perform schirmer test evalu tear product complet paperbas lifestyl questionnair provid relev background dataresult visitor websit volunt complet webbas selfscreen questionnair among respond report five dri eye symptom symptomat particip perform schirmer test complet paperbas lifestyl questionnair abnorm tear product mmconclus propos webbas selfscreen questionnair seem promis tool rais awar dri eye diseas among general internet user identifi higher risk develop condit although research need valid effect

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