J. Med. Internet Res. - Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in high school using avatars in virtual worlds: an international feasibility study.

Tópicos

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Resumo

CKGROUND: Approximately 300,000 people suffer sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) annually in the United States. Less than 30% of out-of-hospital victims receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) despite the American Heart Association training over 12 million laypersons annually to conduct CPR. New engaging learning methods are needed for CPR education, especially in schools. Massively multiplayer virtual worlds (MMVW) offer platforms for serious games that are promising learning methods that take advantage of the computer capabilities of today's youth (ie, the digital native generation).OBJECTIVE: Our main aim was to assess the feasibility of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in high school students by using avatars in MMVM. We also analyzed experiences, self-efficacy, and concentration in response to training.METHODS: In this prospective international collaborative study, an e-learning method was used with high school students in Sweden and the United States. A software game platform was modified for use as a serious game to train in emergency medical situations. Using MMVW technology, participants in teams of 3 were engaged in virtual-world scenarios to learn how to treat victims suffering cardiac arrest. Short debriefings were carried out after each scenario. A total of 36 high school students (Sweden, n=12; United States, n=24) participated. Their self-efficacy and concentration (task motivation) were assessed. An exit questionnaire was used to solicit experiences and attitudes toward this type of training. Among the Swedish students, a follow-up was carried out after 6 months. Depending on the distributions, t tests or Mann-Whitney tests were used. Correlation between variables was assessed by using Spearman rank correlation. Regression analyses were used for time-dependent variables.RESULTS: The participants enjoyed the training and reported a self-perceived benefit as a consequence of training. The mean rating for self-efficacy increased from 5.8/7 (SD 0.72) to 6.5/7 (SD 0.57, P<.001). In the Swedish follow-up, it subsequently increased from 5.7/7 (SD 0.56) to 6.3/7 (SD 0.38, P=.006). In the Swedish group, the mean concentration value increased from 52.4/100 (SD 9.8) to 62.7/100 (SD 8.9, P=.05); in the US group, the concentration value increased from 70.8/100 (SD 7.9) to 82.5/100 (SD 4.7, P<.001). We found a significant positive correlation (P<.001) between self-efficacy and concentration scores. Overall, the participants were moderately or highly immersed and the software was easy to use.CONCLUSIONS: By using online MMVWs, team training in CPR is feasible and reliable for this international group of high school students (Sweden and United States). A high level of appreciation was reported among these adolescents and their self-efficacy increased significantly. The described training is a novel and interesting way to learn CPR teamwork, and in the future could be combined with psychomotor skills training.

Resumo Limpo

ckground approxim peopl suffer sudden cardiac arrest sca annual unit state less outofhospit victim receiv cardiopulmonari resuscit cpr despit american heart associ train million layperson annual conduct cpr new engag learn method need cpr educ especi school massiv multiplay virtual world mmvw offer platform serious game promis learn method take advantag comput capabl today youth ie digit nativ generationobject main aim assess feasibl cardiopulmonari resuscit train high school student use avatar mmvm also analyz experi selfefficaci concentr respons trainingmethod prospect intern collabor studi elearn method use high school student sweden unit state softwar game platform modifi use serious game train emerg medic situat use mmvw technolog particip team engag virtualworld scenario learn treat victim suffer cardiac arrest short debrief carri scenario total high school student sweden n unit state n particip selfefficaci concentr task motiv assess exit questionnair use solicit experi attitud toward type train among swedish student followup carri month depend distribut t test mannwhitney test use correl variabl assess use spearman rank correl regress analys use timedepend variablesresult particip enjoy train report selfperceiv benefit consequ train mean rate selfefficaci increas sd sd p swedish followup subsequ increas sd sd p swedish group mean concentr valu increas sd sd p us group concentr valu increas sd sd p found signific posit correl p selfefficaci concentr score overal particip moder high immers softwar easi useconclus use onlin mmvws team train cpr feasibl reliabl intern group high school student sweden unit state high level appreci report among adolesc selfefficaci increas signific describ train novel interest way learn cpr teamwork futur combin psychomotor skill train

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