J. Med. Internet Res. - Conducting research on the Internet: medical record data integration with patient-reported outcomes.


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CKGROUND: The growth in the number of patients seeking health information online has given rise to new direct-to-patient research methods, including direct patient recruitment and study conduct without use of physician sites. While such patient-centric designs offer time and cost efficiencies, the absence of physician-reported data is a key concern, with potential impact on both scientific rigor and operational feasibility.OBJECTIVE: To (1) gain insight into the viability of collecting patient-reported outcomes and medical record information in a sample of gout patients through a direct-to-patient approach (ie, without the involvement of physician sites), and (2) evaluate the validity of patient-reported diagnoses collected during a patient-reported outcomes plus medical record (PRO+MR) direct-to-patient study.METHODS: We invited a random sample of MediGuard.org members aged 18 to 80 years to participate via email based on a gout treatment or diagnosis in their online profiles. Interested members clicked on an email link to access study information, consent to participate electronically, and be screened for eligibility. The first 50 consenting participants completed an online survey and provided electronic and wet signatures on medical record release forms for us to obtain medical charts from their managing physicians.RESULTS: A total of 108 of 1250 MediGuard.org members (8.64%) accessed study information before we closed the study at 50 completed surveys. Of these 108 members who took the screener, 50 (46.3%) completed the study, 19 (17.6%) did not pass the screening, 5 (4.6%) explicitly declined to participate due to the medical record requirement, and 34 (31.5%) closed the browser without completing the survey screener. Ultimately, we obtained 38 of 50 charts (76%): 28 collected using electronic signature and 10 collected based on wet signature on a paper form. Of the 38 charts, 37 cited a gout diagnosis (35 charts) or use of a gout medication (2 charts). Only 1 chart lacked any mention of gout.CONCLUSIONS: Patients can be recruited directly for observational study designs that include patient-reported outcomes and medical record data with over 75% data completeness. Although the validity of self-reported diagnosis is often a concern in Internet-based studies, in this PRO+MR study pilot, nearly all (37 of 38) charts confirmed patient-reported data.

Resumo Limpo

ckground growth number patient seek health inform onlin given rise new directtopati research method includ direct patient recruit studi conduct without use physician site patientcentr design offer time cost effici absenc physicianreport data key concern potenti impact scientif rigor oper feasibilityobject gain insight viabil collect patientreport outcom medic record inform sampl gout patient directtopati approach ie without involv physician site evalu valid patientreport diagnos collect patientreport outcom plus medic record promr directtopati studymethod invit random sampl mediguardorg member age year particip via email base gout treatment diagnosi onlin profil interest member click email link access studi inform consent particip electron screen elig first consent particip complet onlin survey provid electron wet signatur medic record releas form us obtain medic chart manag physiciansresult total mediguardorg member access studi inform close studi complet survey member took screener complet studi pass screen explicit declin particip due medic record requir close browser without complet survey screener ultim obtain chart collect use electron signatur collect base wet signatur paper form chart cite gout diagnosi chart use gout medic chart chart lack mention goutconclus patient can recruit direct observ studi design includ patientreport outcom medic record data data complet although valid selfreport diagnosi often concern internetbas studi promr studi pilot near chart confirm patientreport data

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