BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - An analysis of online health information on schizophrenia or related conditions: a cross-sectional survey.


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CKGROUND: Around 20% of those who seek health information online, search specifically for mental health. However, little is known about the nature of the online health information offered by two European countries, Finland and Greece, which are characterized by markedly differing levels of Internet access and online health information seeking. This study aims to assess, describe and compare websites, written in two European, non-English languages (Finnish and Greek) that appear first after performing an online search concerning schizophrenia or related conditions.METHODS: The first 20 results from four search terms (searched in Finnish and Greek) in the Web search engine 'Google' were screened. A total of 160 websites were retrieved (80 Finnish, 80 Greek) and evaluated using a preformulated coding system which consisted of websites' indicators, such as: types, characteristics, accountability, interactivity, aesthetics and content. Differences between websites were evaluated with Chi-Square or Fisher's Exact tests for categorical data and independent t-tests for parametric data.RESULTS: Twenty-four Finnish and thirty-four Greek websites (36% in total) were included. Almost two-thirds (62%, n=36) were owned by an organization, compared to 17% (n=10) by an individual. In both countries, aesthetics had the highest score (possible range 0-4, mean = 2.6, SD = .62), while interactivity the lowest (range 0-5, mean = 1.79, SD = .87). There were no statistically significant differences among the accountability, interactivity and aesthetics scores of the Finnish and Greek websites.CONCLUSIONS: All assessed indicators suggest there is a need to improve Finnish and Greek online information about schizophrenia or related conditions. The poor website interactivity is of particular concern given the challenges faced by the target group. The findings can be used to guide the development and dissemination of online mental health information aimed at Finnish and Greek online health-seekers.

Resumo Limpo

ckground around seek health inform onlin search specif mental health howev littl known natur onlin health inform offer two european countri finland greec character mark differ level internet access onlin health inform seek studi aim assess describ compar websit written two european nonenglish languag finnish greek appear first perform onlin search concern schizophrenia relat conditionsmethod first result four search term search finnish greek web search engin googl screen total websit retriev finnish greek evalu use preformul code system consist websit indic type characterist account interact aesthet content differ websit evalu chisquar fisher exact test categor data independ ttest parametr dataresult twentyfour finnish thirtyfour greek websit total includ almost twothird n own organ compar n individu countri aesthet highest score possibl rang mean sd interact lowest rang mean sd statist signific differ among account interact aesthet score finnish greek websitesconclus assess indic suggest need improv finnish greek onlin inform schizophrenia relat condit poor websit interact particular concern given challeng face target group find can use guid develop dissemin onlin mental health inform aim finnish greek onlin healthseek

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