Med Biol Eng Comput - Event synchronous adaptive filter based atrial activity estimation in single-lead atrial fibrillation electrocardiograms.

Tópicos

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Resumo

In this paper, an event synchronous adaptive filter (ESAF) is proposed to estimate atrial activity (AA) from a single-lead AF ECG in real time. The proposed ESAF is a kind of adaptive filter designed to have the reference fed with the impulse train synchronized with the R peak in a raw atrial fibrillation (AF) ECG and to input the timely delayed AF ECG into the primary input. To assess the performance, for ten simulated AF ECGs, the cross-correlation coefficient () and the normalized mean square error (NMSE) between estimated AAs and ten original simulated AAs were calculated and, for ten real AF ECGs, the ventricular residue (VR) in QRS interval and similarity (S) in non-QRS interval were computed. As a result, these four parameters were revealed as = 0.938 ? 0.016 and NMSE = 0.243 ? 0.051 for simulated AF ECGs and VR = 1.190 ? 0.476 and S = 0.967 ? 0.041 for real AF ECGs. These results were found to be better than those of the averaged beat subtraction (ABS) method, which had been previously considered the only way to estimate AA automatically in real time. In conclusion, even with single-lead AF ECGs, the proposed method estimated AAs accurately and calculated the atrial fibrillatory frequencies, the most valuable index in AF maintenance and therapy evaluation, with a remarkably low computational cost.

Resumo Limpo

paper event synchron adapt filter esaf propos estim atrial activ aa singlelead af ecg real time propos esaf kind adapt filter design refer fed impuls train synchron r peak raw atrial fibril af ecg input time delay af ecg primari input assess perform ten simul af ecg crosscorrel coeffici normal mean squar error nmse estim aa ten origin simul aa calcul ten real af ecg ventricular residu vr qrs interv similar s nonqr interv comput result four paramet reveal nmse simul af ecg vr s real af ecg result found better averag beat subtract ab method previous consid way estim aa automat real time conclus even singlelead af ecg propos method estim aa accur calcul atrial fibrillatori frequenc valuabl index af mainten therapi evalu remark low comput cost

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