Med Biol Eng Comput - Advances in upper limb stroke rehabilitation: a technology push.


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Strokes affect thousands of people worldwide leaving sufferers with severe disabilities affecting their daily activities. In recent years, new rehabilitation techniques have emerged such as constraint-induced therapy, biofeedback therapy and robot-aided therapy. In particular, robotic techniques allow precise recording of movements and application of forces to the affected limb, making it a valuable tool for motor rehabilitation. In addition, robot-aided therapy can utilise visual cues conveyed on a computer screen to convert repetitive movement practice into an engaging task such as a game. Visual cues can also be used to control the information sent to the patient about exercise performance and to potentially address psychosomatic variables influencing therapy. This paper overviews the current state-of-the-art on upper limb robot-mediated therapy with a focal point on the technical requirements of robotic therapy devices leading to the development of upper limb rehabilitation techniques that facilitate reach-to-touch, fine motor control, whole-arm movements and promote rehabilitation beyond hospital stay. The reviewed literature suggest that while there is evidence supporting the use of this technology to reduce functional impairment, besides the technological push, the challenge ahead lies on provision of effective assessment of outcome and modalities that have a stronger impact transferring functional gains into functional independence.

Resumo Limpo

stroke affect thousand peopl worldwid leav suffer sever disabl affect daili activ recent year new rehabilit techniqu emerg constraintinduc therapi biofeedback therapi robotaid therapi particular robot techniqu allow precis record movement applic forc affect limb make valuabl tool motor rehabilit addit robotaid therapi can utilis visual cue convey comput screen convert repetit movement practic engag task game visual cue can also use control inform sent patient exercis perform potenti address psychosomat variabl influenc therapi paper overview current stateoftheart upper limb robotmedi therapi focal point technic requir robot therapi devic lead develop upper limb rehabilit techniqu facilit reachtotouch fine motor control wholearm movement promot rehabilit beyond hospit stay review literatur suggest evid support use technolog reduc function impair besid technolog push challeng ahead lie provis effect assess outcom modal stronger impact transfer function gain function independ

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