Med Decis Making - Vaccinating to help ourselves and others.


{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ treatment(1704) effect(941) patient(846) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ algorithm(1844) comput(1787) effici(935) }
{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
{ model(2341) predict(2261) use(1141) }
{ studi(1119) effect(1106) posit(819) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ surgeri(1148) surgic(1085) robot(1054) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ extract(1171) text(1153) clinic(932) }
{ method(1557) propos(1049) approach(1037) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ method(984) reconstruct(947) comput(926) }
{ search(2224) databas(1162) retriev(909) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }


CKGROUND: Many behaviors affect not only the self but also others. The utility of a vaccination to each individual depends on population immunity, the cumulative result of individual vaccination decisions. However, little is known about how the benefit to others influences vaccination decisions.METHODS: In a series of 3 experiments (N = 292, 316, and 299) using hypothetical scenarios and college student respondents, we tested whether the vaccination decisions of individuals were sensitive to the level of immunity in the population when it had implications for either altruistic or free-riding vaccination behavior.RESULTS: Our findings indicate that decisions of individuals were sensitive to opportunities both to free ride by refusing vaccination and to vaccinate altruistically. Although individuals were most willing to get vaccinated when they were at risk themselves, they were also sensitive to the amount of good they could do for others. This altruistic sensitivity was strongest when individuals were not vulnerable to the disease themselves.CONCLUSIONS: The most effective vaccination strategies, from a public health perspective, often entail vaccinating the disease transmitters rather than those who are most vulnerable. Consequently, those who bear the burden of vaccination and those who benefit are not the same individuals. Thus, effective vaccination campaigns require that disease transmitters vaccinate even when it is not in their self-interest to do so. Our results suggest that it may be possible to encourage vaccination by appealing to altruistic motives.

Resumo Limpo

ckground mani behavior affect self also other util vaccin individu depend popul immun cumul result individu vaccin decis howev littl known benefit other influenc vaccin decisionsmethod seri experi n use hypothet scenario colleg student respond test whether vaccin decis individu sensit level immun popul implic either altruist freerid vaccin behaviorresult find indic decis individu sensit opportun free ride refus vaccin vaccin altruist although individu will get vaccin risk also sensit amount good other altruist sensit strongest individu vulner diseas themselvesconclus effect vaccin strategi public health perspect often entail vaccin diseas transmitt rather vulner consequ bear burden vaccin benefit individu thus effect vaccin campaign requir diseas transmitt vaccin even selfinterest result suggest may possibl encourag vaccin appeal altruist motiv

Resumos Similares

J. Med. Internet Res. - Designing for psychological change: individuals' reward and cost valuations in weight management. ( 0,692864060303755 )
Health Info Libr J - Human information behaviour and physiological measurements as a basis to tailor health information. An explorative study in a physical activity intervention among prediabetic individuals in Northern Finland. ( 0,632270280971843 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Exploring the relationship between changes in weight and utterances in an online weight loss forum: a content and correlational analysis study. ( 0,59868070944301 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Electronic word of mouth on twitter about physical activity in the United States: exploratory infodemiology study. ( 0,594564840887741 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Silence is golden: effect of encouragement in motivating the weak link in an online exercise video game. ( 0,580181335005212 )
J Biomed Inform - A web-based intervention to support increased physical activity among at-risk adults. ( 0,578128009095919 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Using design principles to foster understanding of complex health concepts in consumer informatics tools. ( 0,578087929305256 )
J Telemed Telecare - Use of a mobile phone diary for observing weight management and related behaviours. ( 0,576223131197207 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Automated indexing of Internet stories for health behavior change: weight loss attitude pilot study. ( 0,572191269596845 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Features predicting weight loss in overweight or obese participants in a web-based intervention: randomized trial. ( 0,572052284546104 )
Med Decis Making - Effect of background case characteristics on decisions in the delivery room. ( 0,568909003966 )
Med Decis Making - Effectiveness of personalized and interactive health risk calculators: a randomized trial. ( 0,5666519534162 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Active assistance technology for health-related behavior change: an interdisciplinary review. ( 0,560968763443378 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - The effect of a patient portal with electronic messaging on patient activation among chronically ill patients: controlled before-and-after study. ( 0,559378362794208 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Social cognitive determinants of nutrition and physical activity among web-health users enrolling in an online intervention: the influence of social support, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and self-regulation. ( 0,557476473920245 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Healthy weight regulation and eating disorder prevention in high school students: a universal and targeted Web-based intervention. ( 0,554572778249555 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - A computerized integrated system for the assessment of central and peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity. ( 0,549952050077065 )
Int J Health Geogr - Exergames for health and fitness: the roles of GPS and geosocial apps. ( 0,548672640712717 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - An 8-week web-based weight loss challenge with celebrity endorsement and enhanced social support: observational study. ( 0,548327356164558 )
Med Decis Making - A time tradeoff method for eliciting partner's quality of life due to patient's health states in prostate cancer. ( 0,547152913062278 )
J Med Syst - Barriers to physical activity: a study of self-revelation in an online community. ( 0,544637453676422 )
J Biomed Inform - Individualized patient-centered lifestyle recommendations: an expert system for communicating patient specific cardiovascular risk information and prioritizing lifestyle options. ( 0,544140446222204 )
J Am Med Inform Assoc - Tweeting it off: characteristics of adults who tweet about a weight loss attempt. ( 0,541966905201563 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Disseminating self-help: positive psychology exercises in an online trial. ( 0,541364585586752 )
Comput. Biol. Med. - A hybrid diagnosis model for determining the types of the liver disease. ( 0,540875674247647 )
Med Decis Making - Simulation of quality-adjusted survival in chronic diseases: an application in type 2 diabetes. ( 0,538652504075234 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Website usage and weight loss in a free commercial online weight loss program: retrospective cohort study. ( 0,537448021212738 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Online social networks that connect users to physical activity partners: a review and descriptive analysis. ( 0,536543459836329 )
Telemed J E Health - Patients' use of self-monitored readings for managing everyday life with COPD: a qualitative study. ( 0,534610856559821 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Design of a website on nutrition and physical activity for adolescents: results from formative research. ( 0,534583902984777 )
Int J Health Geogr - Correspondence between objective and perceived walking times to urban destinations: Influence of physical activity, neighbourhood walkability, and socio-demographics. ( 0,534378061725994 )
Telemed J E Health - The accuracy of weight reported in a web-based obesity treatment program. ( 0,534260708982994 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - ReadySteady: app for accelerometer-based activity monitoring and wellness-motivation feedback system for older adults. ( 0,534220016136634 )
Telemed J E Health - New mothers' interest in web-based health promotion: association with healthcare barriers, risk status, and user characteristics. ( 0,53375839498714 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Innovation in weight loss programs: a 3-dimensional virtual-world approach. ( 0,532024234119777 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Longitudinal accuracy of web-based self-reported weights: results from the Hopkins POWER Trial. ( 0,531530198567714 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Mindless eating challenge: retention, weight outcomes, and barriers for changes in a public web-based healthy eating and weight loss program. ( 0,529592777504224 )
Med Decis Making - Bayesian inference for comorbid disease risks using marginal disease risks and correlation information from a separate source. ( 0,529523402561251 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Dose-response effects of a Web-based physical activity program on body composition and metabolic health in inactive older adults: additional analyses of a randomized controlled trial. ( 0,524831465578576 )
Telemed J E Health - Body weight telemetry is useful to reduce interdialytic weight gain in patients with end-stage renal failure on hemodialysis. ( 0,523553073532053 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Glucose-insulin regulation model with subcutaneous insulin injection and evaluation using diabetic inpatients data. ( 0,518230658406208 )
Int J Med Inform - Are we sure that Mobile Health is really mobile? An examination of mobile device use during two remotely-delivered weight loss interventions. ( 0,516315175673991 )
Med Decis Making - Are there racial differences in patients' shared decision-making preferences and behaviors among patients with diabetes? ( 0,51599992652191 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Preventing the obesity epidemic by second generation tailored health communication: an interdisciplinary review. ( 0,510336576738671 )
J Clin Monit Comput - Professional stress in anesthesiology: a review. ( 0,509109632813759 )
Med Decis Making - Sequential value-of-information assessment for prospective drug safety monitoring using claims databases: the comparative safety of prasugrel v. clopidogrel. ( 0,504502051101999 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - A web-based system for clinical decision support and knowledge maintenance for deterioration monitoring of hemato-oncological patients. ( 0,50435666446954 )
Int J Med Inform - Motivating and assisting physical exercise in independently living older adults: a pilot study. ( 0,503688898879736 )
Healthc (Amst) - Patient-centered financial incentives for health: Can employers get change for their dollars? ( 0,503622100513655 )
Res Synth Methods - Meta-analysis and the reversed Theorem of the Means. ( 0,503520671891183 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Effects of a web-based intervention on physical activity and metabolism in older adults: randomized controlled trial. ( 0,500868914656989 )
Telemed J E Health - Prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy in Northwest Cameroon as identified by teleophthalmology. ( 0,500773395667191 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - What e-patients want from the doctor-patient relationship: content analysis of posts on discussion boards. ( 0,498407989529625 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Real-time sharing and expression of migraine headache suffering on Twitter: a cross-sectional infodemiology study. ( 0,498312803234448 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Studying visual behaviors from multiple eye tracking features across levels of information representation. ( 0,497110293665095 )
J Clin Monit Comput - Comparing hemodynamic effects with three different measurement devices, of two methods of external leg compression versus passive leg raising in patients after cardiac surgery. ( 0,495527441475721 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Mobile health applications for the most prevalent conditions by the World Health Organization: review and analysis. ( 0,494843954028286 )
Int J Med Inform - Enhancing patient understanding of medical procedures: evaluation of an interactive multimedia program with in-line exercises. ( 0,494776043613 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Divisive Hierarchical Clustering towards Identifying Clinically Significant Pre-Diabetes Subpopulations. ( 0,494542129457359 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - The change in eating behaviors in a Web-based weight loss program: a longitudinal analysis of study completers. ( 0,493782381118712 )
J Telemed Telecare - Evaluation of a mobile phone-based diet game for weight control. ( 0,493506418890226 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - A tailored, interactive health communication application for patients with type 2 diabetes: study protocol of a randomised controlled trial. ( 0,493478728895764 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - A randomized study of telephonic care support in populations at risk for musculoskeletal preference-sensitive surgeries. ( 0,492683297627397 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Increasing physical activity with mobile devices: a meta-analysis. ( 0,491835320249494 )
Med Decis Making - Nutritional policy changes in the supplemental nutrition assistance program: a microsimulation and cost-effectiveness analysis. ( 0,491020593846895 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - A smart web aid for preventing diabetes in rural China: preliminary findings and lessons. ( 0,49075579644264 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Cross-domain probabilistic inference in a clinical decision support system: examples for dermatology and rheumatology. ( 0,49 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - The impact of an incentive on the use of an online self-directed wellness and self-management program. ( 0,488940240066898 )
Med Decis Making - Interpreting patient decisional conflict scores: behavior and emotions in decisions about treatment. ( 0,488803339535006 )
Telemed J E Health - Computerized recovery support for substance use disorders: predictors of posttreatment usage. ( 0,488073292495213 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Investigating predictors of visiting, using, and revisiting an online health-communication program: a longitudinal study. ( 0,487202232116282 )
Int J Med Inform - Pharmacist-conducted medication reconciliation at hospital admission using information technology in Taiwan. ( 0,487111832090692 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Prevalence of behavior changing strategies in fitness video games: theory-based content analysis. ( 0,48711029676709 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Online activity and participation in treatment affects the perceived efficacy of social health networks among patients with chronic illness. ( 0,485427555438117 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Long term cardiovascular risk models' combination. ( 0,484805085805648 )
Comput. Biol. Med. - Sensitivity of diabetic retinopathy associated vision loss to screening interval in an agent-based/discrete event simulation model. ( 0,483024025849596 )
Med Decis Making - Balancing clinical experience in outpatient residency training. ( 0,482936549112914 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - The role of the electronic medical record in the assessment of health related quality of life. ( 0,482759415746017 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Modeling the spread of tuberculosis in semiclosed communities. ( 0,482211024892082 )
Med Decis Making - Effect of adding a values clarification exercise to a decision aid on heart disease prevention: a randomized trial. ( 0,480970281045954 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Disease control through voluntary vaccination decisions based on the smoothed best response. ( 0,480722322233897 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - The SMART personalised self-management system for congestive heart failure: results of a realist evaluation. ( 0,480496318746322 )
Comput Math Methods Med - A general latent class model for performance evaluation of diagnostic tests in the absence of a gold standard: an application to Chagas disease. ( 0,478510148917264 )
Med Decis Making - Doctors and numbers: an assessment of the critical risk interpretation test. ( 0,4782510397578 )
Comput Math Methods Med - The height gain in scoliotic deformity correction: assessed by new predictive formula. ( 0,476797719765699 )
Appl Clin Inform - Care everywhere, a point-to-point HIE tool: utilization and impact on patient care in the ED. ( 0,476560478963468 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Appraisal of adaptive neuro-fuzzy computing technique for estimating anti-obesity properties of a medicinal plant. ( 0,476396070905574 )
Artif Intell Med - A decision support system for cost-effective diagnosis. ( 0,476146896617705 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - A 12-week commercial web-based weight-loss program for overweight and obese adults: randomized controlled trial comparing basic versus enhanced features. ( 0,474911792431317 )
J Telemed Telecare - Telemedical home-monitoring of diabetic foot disease using photographic foot imaging--a feasibility study. ( 0,473966315044234 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Comparison of checking behavior in adults with or without checking symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder using a novel computer-based measure. ( 0,473952909403766 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Smartphone-enabled health coach intervention for people with diabetes from a modest socioeconomic strata community: single-arm longitudinal feasibility study. ( 0,473902240270431 )
Med Decis Making - Societal preferences for distributive justice in the allocation of health care resources: a latent class discrete choice experiment. ( 0,473542024259928 )
Med Biol Eng Comput - Communication breakdown: clinicians disagree on subacromial impingement. ( 0,472627863132806 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Improving diabetes care for young people with type 1 diabetes through visual learning on mobile phones: mixed-methods study. ( 0,472493862870673 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Measuring physical activity in a cardiac rehabilitation population using a smartphone-based questionnaire. ( 0,472064272253123 )
Neural Comput - A study on L2-loss (squared hinge-loss) multiclass SVM. ( 0,471850715420775 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Factors related to sustained use of a free mobile app for dietary self-monitoring with photography and peer feedback: retrospective cohort study. ( 0,471586907267226 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Determinants of successful weight loss after using a commercial web-based weight reduction program for six months: cohort study. ( 0,471533696891064 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Quantifying the effect of statin use in pre-diabetic phenotypes discovered through association rule mining. ( 0,471105552804045 )