Med Decis Making - Blocks, ovals, or people? Icon type affects risk perceptions and recall of pictographs.

Tópicos

{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
{ extract(1171) text(1153) clinic(932) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ treatment(1704) effect(941) patient(846) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ algorithm(1844) comput(1787) effici(935) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ surgeri(1148) surgic(1085) robot(1054) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ method(1557) propos(1049) approach(1037) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ method(984) reconstruct(947) comput(926) }
{ search(2224) databas(1162) retriev(909) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ model(2341) predict(2261) use(1141) }
{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
{ studi(1119) effect(1106) posit(819) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }

Resumo

CKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that icon arrays (also called "pictographs") are an effective method of communicating risk statistics and appear particularly useful to less numerate and less graphically literate people. Yet research is very limited regarding whether icon type affects how people interpret and remember these graphs.METHODS: 1502 people age 35-75 from a demographically diverse online panel completed a cardiovascular risk calculator based on Framingham data using their actual age, weight, and other health data. Participants received their risk estimate in an icon array graphic that used 1 of 6 types of icons: rectangular blocks, filled ovals, smile/frown faces, an outline of a person's head and shoulders, male/female "restroom" person icons (gender matched), or actual head-and-shoulder photographs of people of varied races (gender matched). In each icon array, blue icons represented cardiovascular events and gray icons represented those who would not experience an event. We measured perceived risk magnitude, approximate recall, and opinions about the icon arrays, as well as subjective numeracy and an abbreviated measure of graphical literacy.RESULTS: Risk recall was significantly higher with more anthropomorphic icons (restroom icons, head outlines, and photos) than with other icon types, and participants rated restroom icons as most preferred. However, while restroom icons resulted in the highest correlations between perceived and actual risk among more numerate/graphically literate participants, they performed no better than other icon types among less numerate/graphically literate participants.CONCLUSIONS: Icon type influences both risk perceptions and risk recall, with restroom icons in particular resulting in improved outcomes. However, optimal icon types may depend on numeracy and/or graphical literacy skills.

Resumo Limpo

ckground research demonstr icon array also call pictograph effect method communic risk statist appear particular use less numer less graphic liter peopl yet research limit regard whether icon type affect peopl interpret rememb graphsmethod peopl age demograph divers onlin panel complet cardiovascular risk calcul base framingham data use actual age weight health data particip receiv risk estim icon array graphic use type icon rectangular block fill oval smilefrown face outlin person head shoulder malefemal restroom person icon gender match actual headandshould photograph peopl vari race gender match icon array blue icon repres cardiovascular event gray icon repres experi event measur perceiv risk magnitud approxim recal opinion icon array well subject numeraci abbrevi measur graphic literacyresult risk recal signific higher anthropomorph icon restroom icon head outlin photo icon type particip rate restroom icon prefer howev restroom icon result highest correl perceiv actual risk among numerategraph liter particip perform better icon type among less numerategraph liter participantsconclus icon type influenc risk percept risk recal restroom icon particular result improv outcom howev optim icon type may depend numeraci andor graphic literaci skill

Resumos Similares

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Medication effectiveness may not be the major reason for accepting cardiovascular preventive medication: a population-based survey. ( 0,801244552661236 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Space-time confounding adjusted determinants of child HIV/TB mortality for large zero-inflated data in rural South Africa. ( 0,78467156152078 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Animated randomness, avatars, movement, and personalization in risk graphics. ( 0,769384168026793 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Web-based self-assessment health tools: who are the users and what is the impact of missing input information? ( 0,748106198100059 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Quantification of population benefit in evaluation of biomarkers: practical implications for disease detection and prevention. ( 0,742072796416722 )
Med Decis Making - Risk perception of prescription drugs: results of a survey among experts in the European regulatory network. ( 0,732171111199108 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Influence of patient characteristics on perceived risks and willingness to take a proposed anti-rheumatic drug. ( 0,728428015440116 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Impact of unlinked deaths and coding changes on mortality trends in the Swiss National Cohort. ( 0,724206515935841 )
Med Decis Making - Prevalence of antibodies associated with herd immunity: a new indicator to evaluate the establishment of herd immunity and to decide immunization strategies. ( 0,723441457918133 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Can an Internet-based health risk assessment highlight problems of heart disease risk factor awareness? A cross-sectional analysis. ( 0,719107514070282 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Infection risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with etanercept or adalimumab. ( 0,71397539782359 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - A Windows application for computing standardized mortality ratios and standardized incidence ratios in cohort studies based on calculation of exact person-years at risk. ( 0,710022086632778 )
Med Decis Making - Influence of graphic format on comprehension of risk information among American Indians. ( 0,706424246961485 )
Int J Health Geogr - East-West gradient in cardio-vascular mortality in Austria: how much can we explain by following the pattern of risk factors? ( 0,69430158232667 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - The effect of different cardiovascular risk presentation formats on intentions, understanding and emotional affect: a randomised controlled trial using a web-based risk formatter (protocol). ( 0,693930180437753 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Evaluating the risk of patient re-identification from adverse drug event reports. ( 0,69077771780509 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Evaluating risk factor assumptions: a simulation-based approach. ( 0,685264773421968 )
Med Decis Making - Derivation of background mortality by smoking and obesity in cancer simulation models. ( 0,681446950967575 )
Int J Health Geogr - Correlations between meteorological parameters and prostate cancer. ( 0,678107643692504 )
Med Decis Making - Effects of game-like interactive graphics on risk perceptions and decisions. ( 0,6761011999893 )
Int J Health Geogr - National variation in United States sepsis mortality: a descriptive study. ( 0,672290611081659 )
Int J Health Geogr - Infant mortality in South Africa--distribution, associations and policy implications, 2007: an ecological spatial analysis. ( 0,670458051693684 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Risk estimates from an online risk calculator are more believable and recalled better when expressed as integers. ( 0,669083836254242 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The effect of presence of infected neighbouring farms for the Campylobacter infection status in Danish broiler farms. ( 0,666667621010158 )
Telemed J E Health - Specific health status has an impact on the willingness to use telemonitoring: data from a 2009 health survey in north rhine-westphalia, Germany. ( 0,66532704477279 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Community-level determinants of obesity: harnessing the power of electronic health records for retrospective data analysis. ( 0,657697804929822 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial association of racial/ethnic disparities between late-stage diagnosis and mortality for female breast cancer: where to intervene? ( 0,65696777272153 )
Int J Health Geogr - Cardiovascular disease occurrence in two close but different social environments. ( 0,651122012455355 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - The re-identification risk of Canadians from longitudinal demographics. ( 0,649691133660752 )
Med Decis Making - The utility of childhood and adolescent obesity assessment in relation to adult health. ( 0,648460594978989 )
Lifetime Data Anal - Evaluating subject-level incremental values of new markers for risk classification rule. ( 0,647428484422046 )
Comput Math Methods Med - The relationship between tuberculosis and influenza death during the influenza (H1N1) pandemic from 1918-19. ( 0,644171077962907 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Interdisciplinary decision making in prostate cancer therapy - 5-years' time trends at the Interdisciplinary Prostate Cancer Center (IPC) of the Charit? Berlin. ( 0,640733295367363 )
Med Decis Making - The influence of narrative v. statistical information on perceiving vaccination risks. ( 0,639098512317865 )
Med Decis Making - Whose costs and benefits? Why economic evaluations should simulate both prevalent and all future incident patient cohorts. ( 0,629770511068037 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Efficient mapping and geographic disparities in breast cancer mortality at the county-level by race and age in the U.S. ( 0,629312502005128 )
Med Decis Making - Numbers matter to informed patient choices: a randomized design across age and numeracy levels. ( 0,629184654541353 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mercury in fish and adverse reproductive outcomes: results from South Carolina. ( 0,628911654732756 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Improving bone mineral density reporting to patients with an illustration of personal fracture risk. ( 0,62736613641492 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Risk-adjusted mortality: problems and possibilities. ( 0,625172511112174 )
Med Decis Making - Patient and other factors influencing the prescribing of cardiovascular prevention therapy in the general practice setting with and without nurse assessment. ( 0,620752442528284 )
Lifetime Data Anal - Calibrated predictions for multivariate competing risks models. ( 0,619014046169438 )
Int J Health Geogr - Ecological analysis of social risk factors for Rotavirus infections in Berlin, Germany, 2007-2009. ( 0,61193382376801 )
J Med Syst - Neural network diagnostic system for dengue patients risk classification. ( 0,61169665668703 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - I don't believe it, but i'd better do something about it: patient experiences of online heart age risk calculators. ( 0,611172367652462 )
Med Decis Making - Rating the preferences for potential harms of treatments for cardiovascular disease: a survey of community-dwelling adults. ( 0,609190729398113 )
Methods Inf Med - Mayak workers study cohort. An inter-institutional comparison of causes of death in the cause-of-death register of Ozyorsk in the Russian Federation. ( 0,606092212007549 )
Med Decis Making - The impact of numeracy on verbatim knowledge of the longitudinal risk for prostate cancer recurrence following radiation therapy. ( 0,605726493742068 )
Med Decis Making - Expressing death risk as condensed life experience and death intensity. ( 0,604175570373225 )
J Telemed Telecare - Teleconsulting for minor head injury: the Piedmont experience. ( 0,603404647072699 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Who participates in Web-assisted tobacco interventions? The QUIT-PRIMO and National Dental Practice-Based Research Network Hi-Quit studies. ( 0,60250483774244 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Spatial analysis in support of community health intervention strategies. ( 0,601968137829058 )
Lifetime Data Anal - Population-based absolute risk estimation with survey data. ( 0,601324426717483 )
Med Decis Making - Confusing Relative Risk with Absolute Risk Is Associated with More Enthusiastic Beliefs about the Value of Cancer Screening. ( 0,594857975640907 )
Res Synth Methods - Combining the evidence using stable weights. ( 0,594817916515932 )
Int J Health Geogr - Association of duration of residence in the southeastern United States with chronic kidney disease may differ by race: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort study. ( 0,594336357482316 )
Med Decis Making - Risk preferences: consequences for test and treatment thresholds and optimal cutoffs. ( 0,591584902564338 )
Int J Health Geogr - The effects of summer temperature, age and socioeconomic circumstance on acute myocardial infarction admissions in Melbourne, Australia. ( 0,591488997559747 )
Int J Health Geogr - Perception of neighborhood environment and health risk behaviors in Prague's teenagers: a pilot study in a post-communist city. ( 0,589282662020659 )
Med Decis Making - Getting ahead of illness: using metaphors to influence medical decision making. ( 0,588832273136274 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geoadditive models to assess spatial variation of HIV infections among women in local communities of Durban, South Africa. ( 0,588768858980347 )
Int J Med Inform - Detection of pneumonia using free-text radiology reports in the BioSense system. ( 0,587287485273623 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatio-temporal variability of bovine tuberculosis eradication in Spain (2006-2011). ( 0,584603383461526 )
Telemed J E Health - Development and evaluation of a Web-based tool to estimate type 2 diabetes risk: Diab_Alert. ( 0,584266653794315 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - The effectiveness of a graphical presentation in addition to a frequency format in the context of familial breast cancer risk communication: a multicenter controlled trial. ( 0,581927780566697 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Association of perceived stress with stressful life events, lifestyle and sociodemographic factors: a large-scale community-based study using logistic quantile regression. ( 0,58157471034258 )
Lifetime Data Anal - Semicompeting risks in aging research: methods, issues and needs. ( 0,581514827145836 )
Artif Intell Med - Analysis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma risk factors with Bayesian networks. ( 0,581348065392038 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Risk factors for mortality among 2009 A/H1N1 influenza hospitalizations in Maricopa County, Arizona, April 2009 to March 2010. ( 0,580723191825657 )
Wiley Interdiscip Rev Syst Biol Med - Systems biology and the future of medicine. ( 0,579664904946838 )
Med Decis Making - Health-Related Quality of Life in HIV-Infected and At-Risk Women: The Impact of Illicit Drug Use and Hepatitis C on a Community Preference Weighted Measure. ( 0,578161232102845 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial analyses to identify clusters of adverse antenatal factors for targeted interventions. ( 0,5761075362416 )
Lifetime Data Anal - Quadratic fractional age assumption revisited. ( 0,571877178178633 )
Int J Med Inform - Older adults' perceptions of technologies aimed at falls prevention, detection or monitoring: a systematic review. ( 0,570092417833132 )
Med Decis Making - Serious health events and discontinuation of routine cancer screening. ( 0,567967393820678 )
Int J Health Geogr - A spatial and temporal analysis of notifiable gastrointestinal illness in the Northwest Territories, Canada, 1991-2008. ( 0,565728638182443 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Leveraging H1N1 infection transmission modeling with proximity sensor microdata. ( 0,564417434379783 )
Comput. Biol. Med. - Neural network analysis of employment history as a risk factor for prostate cancer. ( 0,564235380253052 )
Int J Health Geogr - Cancer mortality inequalities in urban areas: a Bayesian small area analysis in Spanish cities. ( 0,563946478909501 )
Int J Health Geogr - Analysis of matched geographical areas to study potential links between environmental exposure to oil refineries and non-Hodgkin lymphoma mortality in Spain. ( 0,563907879259084 )
IEEE J Biomed Health Inform - Novel approaches for predicting risk factors of atherosclerosis. ( 0,562805146703442 )
Methods Inf Med - Combining cross-sectional data on prevalence with risk estimates from a prediction model. A novel method for estimating the attributable risk. ( 0,56274629056932 )
J Am Med Inform Assoc - Birth of identity: understanding changes to birth certificates and their value for identity resolution. ( 0,562093107937308 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Neighborhood geographic disparities in heart attack and stroke mortality: comparison of global and local modeling approaches. ( 0,562056597390869 )
Telemed J E Health - Developing screening services for colorectal cancer on Android smartphones. ( 0,561868412772324 )
Int J Health Geogr - A case-referent study: light at night and breast cancer risk in Georgia. ( 0,560644993414719 )
Med Decis Making - Effect of adding a values clarification exercise to a decision aid on heart disease prevention: a randomized trial. ( 0,559866858308127 )
Appl Clin Inform - Development of an automated, real time surveillance tool for predicting readmissions at a community hospital. ( 0,559243524781211 )
J Telemed Telecare - How serious are the symptoms of callers to a telephone triage call centre? ( 0,558996577019095 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Are people with chronic diseases interested in using telehealth? A cross-sectional postal survey. ( 0,558804982589582 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Evaluation of the use of electronic health data to classify four-year mortality risk for older adults undergoing screening colonoscopies. ( 0,558301722831788 )
Telemed J E Health - Older people's attitudes toward interactive voice response systems. ( 0,557532979523018 )
Telemed J E Health - Understanding gender differences in m-health adoption: a modified theory of reasoned action model. ( 0,557224028043758 )
Med Decis Making - A systematic comparison of microsimulation models of colorectal cancer: the role of assumptions about adenoma progression. ( 0,554752851216237 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Long-distance travel behaviours accelerate and aggravate the large-scale spatial spreading of infectious diseases. ( 0,553285345061802 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - The digital divide among low-income homebound older adults: Internet use patterns, eHealth literacy, and attitudes toward computer/Internet use. ( 0,551920046161269 )
Perspect Health Inf Manag - Access to cardiac interventional services in Alabama and Mississippi: a geographical information system analysis. ( 0,55088809234609 )
Med Biol Eng Comput - A metric for the stiffness of calcified aortic valves using a combined computational and experimental approach. ( 0,550537825078256 )
Methods Inf Med - Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for examining healthcare professionals' assessments of risk factors. The relative importance of risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people. ( 0,549572662598496 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Exploring joint disease risk prediction. ( 0,548354632577522 )