Res Synth Methods - Finding your way out of the forest without a trail of bread crumbs: development and evaluation of two novel displays of forest plots.

Tópicos

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Resumo

Research has shown that forest plots are a gold standard in the visualization of meta-analytic results. However, research on the general interpretation of forest plots and the role of researchers' meta-analysis experience and field of study is still unavailable. Additionally, the traditional display of effect sizes, confidence intervals, and weights have repeatedly been criticized. The current work presents an online statistical cognition experiment in which a total of 279 researchers with experience in meta-analysis from 36 countries evaluated conventional forest plots and two novel versions of forest plots, namely, thick forest plots and rainforest plots. The results indicate certain biases in the interpretation of forest plots, especially with regard to heterogeneity, the distribution of weights, and the theoretical concept of confidence intervals. Although the two novel displays (thick forest plots and rainforest plots) are associated with slightly longer viewing times, they are at least as well-suited and esthetically and perceptively pleasing as the conventional displays while facilitating the correct and exhaustive interpretation of the meta-analytic information. Furthermore, it is advisable to combine conventional forest plots with distribution information of the individual effects, make confidence lines more visually striking, and to display a background grid in the graph.

Resumo Limpo

research shown forest plot gold standard visual metaanalyt result howev research general interpret forest plot role research metaanalysi experi field studi still unavail addit tradit display effect size confid interv weight repeat critic current work present onlin statist cognit experi total research experi metaanalysi countri evalu convent forest plot two novel version forest plot name thick forest plot rainforest plot result indic certain bias interpret forest plot especi regard heterogen distribut weight theoret concept confid interv although two novel display thick forest plot rainforest plot associ slight longer view time least wellsuit esthet percept pleas convent display facilit correct exhaust interpret metaanalyt inform furthermor advis combin convent forest plot distribut inform individu effect make confid line visual strike display background grid graph

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