Res Synth Methods - Using logic models to capture complexity in systematic reviews.

Tópicos

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{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
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Resumo

Logic models have long been used to understand complex programs to improve social and health outcomes. They illustrate how a program is designed to achieve its intended outcomes. They also can be used to describe connections between determinants of outcomes, for example, low high-school graduation rates or spiraling obesity rates, thus aiding the development of interventions that target causal factors. However, these models have not often been used in systematic reviews. This paper argues that logic models can be valuable in the systematic review process. First, they can aid in the conceptualization of the review focus and illustrate hypothesized causal links, identify effect mediators or moderators, specify intermediate outcomes and potential harms, and justify a priori subgroup analyses when differential effects are anticipated. Second, logic models can be used to direct the review process more specifically. They can help justify narrowing the scope of a review, identify the most relevant inclusion criteria, guide the literature search, and clarify interpretation of results when drawing policy-relevant conclusions about review findings. We present examples that explain how logic models have been used and how they can be applied at different stages in a systematic review. Copyright ? 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Resumo Limpo

logic model long use understand complex program improv social health outcom illustr program design achiev intend outcom also can use describ connect determin outcom exampl low highschool graduat rate spiral obes rate thus aid develop intervent target causal factor howev model often use systemat review paper argu logic model can valuabl systemat review process first can aid conceptu review focus illustr hypothes causal link identifi effect mediat moder specifi intermedi outcom potenti harm justifi priori subgroup analys differenti effect anticip second logic model can use direct review process specif can help justifi narrow scope review identifi relev inclus criteria guid literatur search clarifi interpret result draw policyrelev conclus review find present exampl explain logic model use can appli differ stage systemat review copyright john wiley son ltd

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