Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The built environment and depressive symptoms among urban youth: A spatial regression study.

Tópicos

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Resumo

This study evaluated spatial relationships between features of the built environment and youth depressive symptoms. Data used in this study came from the 2008 Boston Youth Survey Geospatial Dataset, which includes Boston high school students with complete residential information (n=1170). Features of the built environment (such as access to walking destinations and community design features) were created for 400- and 800-m street network buffers of the youths' residences. We computed standard Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression and spatial simultaneous autoregressive models. We found significant positive spatial autocorrelation in all of the built environment features at both spatial scales (all p=0.001), depressive symptoms (p=0.034) as well as in the OLS regression residuals (all p<0.001), and, therefore, fit spatial regression models. Findings from the spatial regression models indicate that the built environment can have depressogenic effects, which can vary by spatial scale, gender and race/ethnicity (though sometimes in unexpected directions, i.e. associations opposite to our expectations). While our results overall suggest that the built environment minimally influences youth depressive symptoms, additional research is needed, including to understand our results in the unexpected direction.

Resumo Limpo

studi evalu spatial relationship featur built environ youth depress symptom data use studi came boston youth survey geospati dataset includ boston high school student complet residenti inform n featur built environ access walk destin communiti design featur creat m street network buffer youth resid comput standard ordinari least squar ol regress spatial simultan autoregress model found signific posit spatial autocorrel built environ featur spatial scale p depress symptom p well ol regress residu p therefor fit spatial regress model find spatial regress model indic built environ can depressogen effect can vari spatial scale gender raceethn though sometim unexpect direct ie associ opposit expect result overal suggest built environ minim influenc youth depress symptom addit research need includ understand result unexpect direct

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