Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatial and spatio-temporal models with R-INLA.

Tópicos

{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ extract(1171) text(1153) clinic(932) }
{ method(1557) propos(1049) approach(1037) }
{ method(984) reconstruct(947) comput(926) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ treatment(1704) effect(941) patient(846) }
{ surgeri(1148) surgic(1085) robot(1054) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ algorithm(1844) comput(1787) effici(935) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
{ search(2224) databas(1162) retriev(909) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ model(2341) predict(2261) use(1141) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ studi(1119) effect(1106) posit(819) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }

Resumo

During the last three decades, Bayesian methods have developed greatly in the field of epidemiology. Their main challenge focusses around computation, but the advent of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods (MCMC) and in particular of the WinBUGS software has opened the doors of Bayesian modelling to the wide research community. However model complexity and database dimension still remain a constraint. Recently the use of Gaussian random fields has become increasingly popular in epidemiology as very often epidemiological data are characterised by a spatial and/or temporal structure which needs to be taken into account in the inferential process. The Integrated Nested Laplace Approximation (INLA) approach has been developed as a computationally efficient alternative to MCMC and the availability of an R package (R-INLA) allows researchers to easily apply this method. In this paper we review the INLA approach and present some applications on spatial and spatio-temporal data.

Resumo Limpo

last three decad bayesian method develop great field epidemiolog main challeng focuss around comput advent markov chain mont carlo method mcmc particular winbug softwar open door bayesian model wide research communiti howev model complex databas dimens still remain constraint recent use gaussian random field becom increas popular epidemiolog often epidemiolog data characteris spatial andor tempor structur need taken account inferenti process integr nest laplac approxim inla approach develop comput effici altern mcmc avail r packag rinla allow research easili appli method paper review inla approach present applic spatial spatiotempor data

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