Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The impact of place and time on the proportion of late-stage diagnosis: the case of prostate cancer in Florida, 1981-2007.

Tópicos

{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
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{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
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{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
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{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
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{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
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{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

A suite of techniques is introduced for the exploratory spatial data analysis of geographical disparities in time series of health outcomes, including 3D display in a combined time and geography space, binomial kriging for noise filtering, space-time boundary analysis to detect significant differences between adjacent geographical units, and spatially-weighted cluster analysis to group units with similar temporal trends. The approach is used to explore how time series of annual county-level proportions of late-stage prostate cancer diagnosis differ across Florida. The state-average proportion of late-stage diagnosis decreased 50% since 1981. This drop started in the early 1990s when prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test became widely available and several parts of Florida underwent fast urbanization. Boundary analysis revealed geographical disparities in the impact of the screening procedure, in particular as it began available. The gap among counties is narrowing with time, except for the Big Bend region where the decline is much slower.

Resumo Limpo

suit techniqu introduc exploratori spatial data analysi geograph dispar time seri health outcom includ d display combin time geographi space binomi krige nois filter spacetim boundari analysi detect signific differ adjac geograph unit spatiallyweight cluster analysi group unit similar tempor trend approach use explor time seri annual countylevel proport latestag prostat cancer diagnosi differ across florida stateaverag proport latestag diagnosi decreas sinc drop start earli s prostatespecif antigen psa test becam wide avail sever part florida underw fast urban boundari analysi reveal geograph dispar impact screen procedur particular began avail gap among counti narrow time except big bend region declin much slower

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