Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - How to choose geographical units in ecological studies: proposal and application to campylobacteriosis.

Tópicos

{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
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{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
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{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
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{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }

Resumo

In spatial epidemiology, the choice of an appropriate geographical unit of analysis is a key decision that will influence most aspects of the study. In this study, we proposed and applied a set of measurable criteria applicable for orienting the choice of geographical unit. Nine criteria were selected, covering many aspects such as biological relevance, communicability of results, ease of data access, distribution of exposure variables, cases and population, and shape of unit. These criteria were then applied to compare various geographical units derived from administrative, health services, and natural frameworks that could be used for the study of the spatial distribution of campylobacteriosis in the province of Quebec, Canada. In this study, municipality was the geographical unit that performed the best according to our assessment and given the specific objectives and time period of the study. Future research areas for optimizing the choice of geographical unit are discussed.

Resumo Limpo

spatial epidemiolog choic appropri geograph unit analysi key decis will influenc aspect studi studi propos appli set measur criteria applic orient choic geograph unit nine criteria select cover mani aspect biolog relev communic result eas data access distribut exposur variabl case popul shape unit criteria appli compar various geograph unit deriv administr health servic natur framework use studi spatial distribut campylobacteriosi provinc quebec canada studi municip geograph unit perform best accord assess given specif object time period studi futur research area optim choic geograph unit discuss

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