Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Multilevel spatiotemporal change-point models for evaluating the effect of an alcohol outlet control policy on changes in neighborhood assaultive violence rates.

Tópicos

{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ extract(1171) text(1153) clinic(932) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
{ studi(1119) effect(1106) posit(819) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ treatment(1704) effect(941) patient(846) }
{ surgeri(1148) surgic(1085) robot(1054) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ algorithm(1844) comput(1787) effici(935) }
{ method(1557) propos(1049) approach(1037) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ method(984) reconstruct(947) comput(926) }
{ search(2224) databas(1162) retriev(909) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ model(2341) predict(2261) use(1141) }
{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }

Resumo

Many previous studies have suggested a link between alcohol outlets and assaultive violence rates. In 1997 the City of New Orleans adopted a series of policies, e.g., increased license fee, additional enforcement staff, and expanded powers for the alcohol license board. The policies were specifically enacted to address the proliferation of problem alcohol outlets believed to be the source of a variety of social problems including assaultive violence. In this research, we evaluate the impact of a city level policy in New Orleans to address the problem alcohol outlets and their influence on assaultive violence. The spatial association between rates of assaultive violence at the census tract level (n=170) over a ten year period raises a challenge in statistical analysis. To meet this challenge we developed a hierarchical change-point model that controls for important covariates of assaultive violence and accounts for unexplained spatial and temporal variability. While our model is somewhat complex, its hierarchical Bayesian analysis is accessible via the WinBUGS software program. Keeping other effects fixed, the implementation of the new city level policy was associated with a decrease in the positive association between census tract level rates of assaultive violence and alcohol outlet density. Comparing several candidate change-point models using the DIC criterion, the positive association began decreasing the year of the policy implementation. The magnitude of the association continued to decrease for roughly two years and then stabilized. We also created maps of the fitted assaultive violence rates in New Orleans, as well as spatial residual maps which, together with Moran's I's, suggest that the spatial variation of the data is well accounted for by our model. We reach the conclusion that the implementation of the policy is associated with a significant decrease in the positive relationship between assaultive violence and the off-sale alcohol outlet density.

Resumo Limpo

mani previous studi suggest link alcohol outlet assault violenc rate citi new orlean adopt seri polici eg increas licens fee addit enforc staff expand power alcohol licens board polici specif enact address prolifer problem alcohol outlet believ sourc varieti social problem includ assault violenc research evalu impact citi level polici new orlean address problem alcohol outlet influenc assault violenc spatial associ rate assault violenc census tract level n ten year period rais challeng statist analysi meet challeng develop hierarch changepoint model control import covari assault violenc account unexplain spatial tempor variabl model somewhat complex hierarch bayesian analysi access via winbug softwar program keep effect fix implement new citi level polici associ decreas posit associ census tract level rate assault violenc alcohol outlet densiti compar sever candid changepoint model use dic criterion posit associ began decreas year polici implement magnitud associ continu decreas rough two year stabil also creat map fit assault violenc rate new orlean well spatial residu map togeth moran suggest spatial variat data well account model reach conclus implement polici associ signific decreas posit relationship assault violenc offsal alcohol outlet densiti

Resumos Similares

J. Med. Internet Res. - Using a geolocation social networking application to calculate the population density of sex-seeking gay men for research and prevention services. ( 0,663817598664577 )
Med Decis Making - Measuring risk perceptions: what does the excessive use of 50% mean? ( 0,660394581107777 )
Int J Health Geogr - Near-present and future distribution of Anopheles albimanus in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean Basin modeled with climate and topographic data. ( 0,648699806351509 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geographical, temporal and racial disparities in late-stage prostate cancer incidence across Florida: a multiscale joinpoint regression analysis. ( 0,648612629999015 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Racial residential segregation impacts on low birth weight using improved neighborhood boundary definitions. ( 0,639977351727959 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial autocorrelation in uptake of antenatal care and relationship to individual, household and village-level factors: results from a community-based survey of pregnant women in six districts in western Kenya. ( 0,625809652660916 )
Telemed J E Health - A U.K. case study of who uses NHS direct: investigating the impact of age, gender, and deprivation on the utilization of NHS direct. ( 0,621438352923149 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - A spatial measure of neighborhood level racial isolation applied to low birthweight, preterm birth, and birthweight in North Carolina. ( 0,614603667506209 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geographical variation of unmet medical needs in Italy: a multivariate logistic regression analysis. ( 0,60901589708939 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - A record linkage process of a cervical cancer screening database. ( 0,608687845884618 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The association between the density of retail tobacco outlets, individual smoking status, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and school locations in New South Wales, Australia. ( 0,602844962957957 )
Int J Health Geogr - A geographic analysis of population density thresholds in the influenza pandemic of 1918-19. ( 0,594586028244389 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mapping amyotrophic lateral sclerosis lake risk factors across northern New England. ( 0,592969927745443 )
Int J Health Geogr - Lung cancer and COPD rates in Apulia: a multilevel multimember model for smoothing disease mapping. ( 0,589877094511238 )
Int J Health Geogr - Feasibility and utility of mapping disease risk at the neighbourhood level within a Canadian public health unit: an ecological study. ( 0,583948037826723 )
Int J Health Geogr - Older adults' transportation walking: a cross-sectional study on the cumulative influence of physical environmental factors. ( 0,582379094969341 )
Int J Health Geogr - How well do modelled routes to school record the environments children are exposed to? A cross-sectional comparison of GIS-modelled and GPS-measured routes to school. ( 0,580591466161051 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geographic variations in access and utilization of cancer screening services: examining disparities among American Indian and Alaska Native Elders. ( 0,579877248937263 )
Int J Health Geogr - A spatial analysis of variations in health access: linking geography, socio-economic status and access perceptions. ( 0,573610181951152 )
Int J Health Geogr - Particulate air pollution and health inequalities: a Europe-wide ecological analysis. ( 0,571647092437034 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial analysis of HIV-Related social stigma: a study of tested females across mandals of Andhra Pradesh in India. ( 0,570009742863496 )
Med Decis Making - The 1-in-X effect on the subjective assessment of medical probabilities. ( 0,567381198302004 )
Int J Health Geogr - The proportion of youths' physical inactivity attributable to neighbourhood built environment features. ( 0,562471149965322 )
Comput Math Methods Med - New estimators and guidelines for better use of fetal heart rate estimators with Doppler ultrasound devices. ( 0,559416411795811 )
Int J Health Geogr - Association between proximity to and coverage of traditional fast-food restaurants and non-traditional fast-food outlets and fast-food consumption among rural adults. ( 0,557384838377892 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Inference from ecological models: estimating the relative risk of stroke from air pollution exposure using small area data. ( 0,556671858720009 )
Int J Health Geogr - Data-driven inference for the spatial scan statistic. ( 0,553453785082995 )
Int J Health Geogr - Analysis of matched geographical areas to study potential links between environmental exposure to oil refineries and non-Hodgkin lymphoma mortality in Spain. ( 0,553027010197816 )
Int J Health Geogr - Characteristics of residential areas and transportational walking among frail and non-frail Dutch elderly: does the size of the area matter? ( 0,552816463888681 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial epidemiology of dry eye disease: findings from South Korea. ( 0,551999671431331 )
Med Decis Making - Health-Related Quality of Life in HIV-Infected and At-Risk Women: The Impact of Illicit Drug Use and Hepatitis C on a Community Preference Weighted Measure. ( 0,551528533375318 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Assessing the impact of selective migration and care homes on geographical inequalities in health--a total population cohort study in Sheffield. ( 0,549844899581369 )
J Biomed Inform - A reusable framework for health counseling dialogue systems based on a behavioral medicine ontology. ( 0,548679302647685 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mercury in fish and adverse reproductive outcomes: results from South Carolina. ( 0,545497762305344 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Mapping gender variation in the spatial pattern of alcohol-related mortality: a Bayesian analysis using data from South Yorkshire, United Kingdom. ( 0,543058756017644 )
Int J Health Geogr - Estimating spatial accessibility to facilities on the regional scale: an extended commuting-based interaction potential model. ( 0,541147334121998 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Prostate cancer incidence in light of the spatial distribution of another screening-detectable cancer. ( 0,537414068680259 )
Med Decis Making - A systematic comparison of microsimulation models of colorectal cancer: the role of assumptions about adenoma progression. ( 0,532068287208386 )
Int J Health Geogr - Accessibility to health care facilities in Montreal Island: an application of relative accessibility indicators from the perspective of senior and non-senior residents. ( 0,530356276559044 )
Int J Health Geogr - The road most travelled: the geographic distribution of road traffic injuries in England. ( 0,529613695761529 )
Int J Health Geogr - Changing patterns in the association between regional socio-economic context and dental caries experience according to gender and age: a multilevel study in Korean adults. ( 0,52908616950334 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Real geographies and virtual landscapes: exploring the influence on place and space on mortality Lexis surfaces using shaded contour maps. ( 0,528593434798119 )
Int J Health Geogr - A case-referent study: light at night and breast cancer risk in Georgia. ( 0,525529377636233 )
Healthc (Amst) - A potential new data source for assessing the impacts of health reform: Evaluating the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index. ( 0,522481406923617 )
Int J Health Geogr - Modelling environmental factors correlated with podoconiosis: a geospatial study of non-filarial elephantiasis. ( 0,521984104654233 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Predictive and epidemiologic modeling of the spatial risk of human onchocerciasis using biophysical factors: a case study of Ghana and Burundi. ( 0,521466006159664 )
Int J Health Geogr - Investigating the effects of medical density on health-seeking behaviours using a multiscale approach to residential and activity spaces: results from a prospective cohort study in the Paris metropolitan area, France. ( 0,520173646844797 )
Int J Health Geogr - A cross-sectional analysis of light at night, neighborhood sociodemographics and urinary 6-sulfatoxymelatonin concentrations: implications for the conduct of health studies. ( 0,519755262548675 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geoadditive models to assess spatial variation of HIV infections among women in local communities of Durban, South Africa. ( 0,519717760816057 )
Int J Health Geogr - Gravity models to classify commuting vs. resident workers. An application to the analysis of residential risk in a contaminated area. ( 0,519059046783612 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geographical epidemiology of antibacterials in the preschool age. ( 0,519040257340223 )
Int J Health Geogr - A probabilistic sampling method (PSM) for estimating geographic distance to health services when only the region of residence is known. ( 0,517172849098536 )
Int J Health Geogr - Association of duration of residence in the southeastern United States with chronic kidney disease may differ by race: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort study. ( 0,516079415463229 )
Med Biol Eng Comput - Quantitative differences in intervertebral disc-matrix composition with age-related degeneration. ( 0,516058436198785 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Optimum binary cut-off threshold of a diagnostic test: comparison of different methods using Monte Carlo technique. ( 0,515184217177602 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial clustering of non-transported cardiac decedents: the results of a point pattern analysis and an inquiry into social environmental correlates. ( 0,514232598251732 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial epidemiology of hospital-diagnosed brucellosis in Kampala, Uganda. ( 0,514212549549745 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial association of endemicity of ataxic polyneuropathy and highly cyanogenic cassava cultivars. ( 0,510905114395574 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mapping for maternal and newborn health: the distributions of women of childbearing age, pregnancies and births. ( 0,510526503163415 )
Int J Health Geogr - Modeling spatial accessibility to parks: a national study. ( 0,50946545017378 )
Comput. Biol. Med. - A preliminary study on the differences in male and female muscle force distribution patterns during squatting and lunging maneuvers. ( 0,507639827051343 )
Health Informatics J - Factors influencing Internet usage in older adults (65 years and above) living in rural and urban Sweden. ( 0,50603867504798 )
J Am Med Inform Assoc - Social disparities in internet patient portal use in diabetes: evidence that the digital divide extends beyond access. ( 0,505689804498877 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial association of racial/ethnic disparities between late-stage diagnosis and mortality for female breast cancer: where to intervene? ( 0,505395521981953 )
Int J Health Geogr - Highways and outposts: economic development and health threats in the central Brazilian Amazon region. ( 0,504151272119734 )
Int J Health Geogr - Retrospective space-time analysis of H5N1 Avian Influenza emergence in Thailand. ( 0,50398857241234 )
Lifetime Data Anal - A dynamic Mover-Stayer model for recurrent event processes subject to resolution. ( 0,503043513558658 )
Med Decis Making - Numbers matter to informed patient choices: a randomized design across age and numeracy levels. ( 0,502304360808031 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Locomotor development prediction based on statistical model parameters identification. ( 0,501556631270368 )
Geospat Health - Redefining climate regions in the United States of America using satellite remote sensing and machine learning for public health applications. ( 0,499249565051275 )
Brief. Bioinformatics - The dilemma of choosing the ideal permutation strategy while estimating statistical significance of genome-wide enrichment. ( 0,498776505513197 )
Int J Health Geogr - Does context matter for the relationship between deprivation and all-cause mortality? The West vs. the rest of Scotland. ( 0,498080435750726 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Space-time confounding adjusted determinants of child HIV/TB mortality for large zero-inflated data in rural South Africa. ( 0,498007077985602 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - A space-time point process model for analyzing and predicting case patterns of diarrheal disease in northwestern Ecuador. ( 0,497995808075014 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - A comparison of conditional autoregressive models used in Bayesian disease mapping. ( 0,49786397077947 )
Telemed J E Health - Older people's attitudes toward interactive voice response systems. ( 0,497612183466469 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial variability of climate effects on ischemic heart disease hospitalization rates for the period 1989-2006 in Quebec, Canada. ( 0,497610047136095 )
Med Decis Making - Improving Geographic Equity in Kidney Transplantation Using Alternative Kidney Sharing and Optimization Modeling. ( 0,496278187116611 )
Int J Health Geogr - International variation in neighborhood walkability, transit, and recreation environments using geographic information systems: the IPEN adult study. ( 0,494888109525725 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Neighborhood geographic disparities in heart attack and stroke mortality: comparison of global and local modeling approaches. ( 0,493642032793451 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - A Bayesian space-time model for discrete spread processes on a lattice. ( 0,493124187779341 )
Methods Inf Med - The performance of conditional tests for family data in associated regions derived from GWAS. ( 0,492359077751475 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatio-temporal patterns of bladder cancer incidence in Utah (1973-2004) and their association with the presence of toxic release inventory sites. ( 0,491793634436012 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - A Bayesian hierarchical model of nontraumatic lower-extremity amputation rates. ( 0,489797280891901 )
Int J Health Geogr - A spatial model to quantify the mortality impact of service delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa: an ecological design utilizing data from South Africa. ( 0,488243284893372 )
Int J Health Geogr - Methods to measure potential spatial access to delivery care in low- and middle-income countries: a case study in rural Ghana. ( 0,487818595763896 )
Int J Health Geogr - Demarcation of local neighborhoods to study relations between contextual factors and health. ( 0,484751395425645 )
Int J Health Geogr - Analyzing spatial aggregation error in statistical models of late-stage cancer risk: a Monte Carlo simulation approach. ( 0,483406013486328 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Is pathology necessary to predict mortality among men with prostate-cancer? ( 0,483310341121846 )
Int J Health Geogr - MosquitoMap and the Mal-area calculator: new web tools to relate mosquito species distribution with vector borne disease. ( 0,482721986606491 )
Int J Health Geogr - Diarrheal disease risk in rural Bangladesh decreases as tubewell density increases: a zero-inflated and geographically weighted analysis. ( 0,481382894973261 )
Int J Health Geogr - Transportation noise and annoyance related to road traffic in the French RECORD study. ( 0,480710418164998 )
Int J Health Geogr - Correlations between meteorological parameters and prostate cancer. ( 0,479175536788166 )
J Chem Inf Model - How experimental errors influence drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic QSAR/QSPR models. ( 0,479011318232638 )
J Telemed Telecare - Paediatric health calls to Swedish telenurses: a descriptive study of content and outcome. ( 0,478665571543294 )
Int J Health Geogr - The impact of rural hospital closures on equity of commuting time for haemodialysis patients: simulation analysis using the capacity-distance model. ( 0,477595926471161 )
Int J Health Geogr - Utilization of combined remote sensing techniques to detect environmental variables influencing malaria vector densities in rural West Africa. ( 0,476894912604767 )
Int J Health Geogr - Diabetes and the socioeconomic and built environment: geovisualization of disease prevalence and potential contextual associations using ring maps. ( 0,476881033063504 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial pattern of body mass index among adults in the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). ( 0,476201777799319 )
Int J Med Inform - Improved HIV-related outcomes associated with implementation of a novel public health information exchange. ( 0,476086930830404 )