BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - In eHealth in India today, the nature of work, the challenges and the finances: an interview-based study.

Tópicos

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{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
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Resumo

CKGROUND: India is a country with vast unmet medical needs. eHealth has the potential to improve the quality of health care and reach the unreached. We have sought to understand the kinds of eHealth programmes being offered in India today, the challenges they face and the nature of their financing.METHODS: We have adopted an interview-based methodology. The 30 interviews represent 28 organizations, and include designers, implementers, evaluators and technology providers for eHealth programmes.RESULTS: A range of programmes is being run, including point-of-care in rural and urban areas, treatment compliance, data collection and disease surveillance, and distant medical education. Most programmes provide point-of-care to patients or other beneficiaries in rural areas. Technology is not a limiting factor but the unavailability of suitable health personnel is a major challenge, especially in rural areas. We have identified a few factors that help this situation. Financial sustainability is also a concern for most programmes, which have rarely been scaled up. There are recent for-profit efforts in urban areas, but no reliable business model has been identified yet. Government facilities have not been very effective in eHealth on their own, but collaborations between the government and non-profit (in particular) and for-profit organisations have led to impactful programmes.CONCLUSIONS: It is unlikely that eHealth will have widespread and sustainable impact without government involvement, especially in rural areas. Nevertheless, programmes run solely by the government are unlikely to be the most effective.

Resumo Limpo

ckground india countri vast unmet medic need ehealth potenti improv qualiti health care reach unreach sought understand kind ehealth programm offer india today challeng face natur financingmethod adopt interviewbas methodolog interview repres organ includ design implement evalu technolog provid ehealth programmesresult rang programm run includ pointofcar rural urban area treatment complianc data collect diseas surveil distant medic educ programm provid pointofcar patient beneficiari rural area technolog limit factor unavail suitabl health personnel major challeng especi rural area identifi factor help situat financi sustain also concern programm rare scale recent forprofit effort urban area reliabl busi model identifi yet govern facil effect ehealth collabor govern nonprofit particular forprofit organis led impact programmesconclus unlik ehealth will widespread sustain impact without govern involv especi rural area nevertheless programm run sole govern unlik effect

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