BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Using value of information to guide evaluation of decision supports for differential diagnosis: is it time for a new look?

Tópicos

{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
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{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
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{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
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{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
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{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }

Resumo

CKGROUND: Decision support systems for differential diagnosis have traditionally been evaluated on the basis of criteria how sensitively and specifically they are able to identify the correct diagnosis established by expert clinicians.DISCUSSION: This article questions whether evaluation criteria pertaining to identifying the correct diagnosis are most appropriate or useful. Instead it advocates evaluation of decision support systems for differential diagnosis based on the criterion of maximizing value of information.SUMMARY: This approach quantitatively and systematically integrates several important clinical management priorities, including avoiding serious diagnostic errors of omission and avoiding harmful or expensive tests.

Resumo Limpo

ckground decis support system differenti diagnosi tradit evalu basi criteria sensit specif abl identifi correct diagnosi establish expert cliniciansdiscuss articl question whether evalu criteria pertain identifi correct diagnosi appropri use instead advoc evalu decis support system differenti diagnosi base criterion maxim valu informationsummari approach quantit systemat integr sever import clinic manag prioriti includ avoid serious diagnost error omiss avoid harm expens test

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