Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Performance optimization of current focusing and virtual electrode strategies in retinal implants.

Tópicos

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Resumo

The electrode configuration in an implanted visual prosthesis array affects the spatial electric field distribution within the retina, contributing to current focusing and virtual electrode (VE) stimulation strategies. In this paper, a finite element model incorporating various electrode configurations was used to study the interaction between electrode size and electrode-to-cell distance in current focusing and VE stimulation paradigms. The electrode array unit comprises an active electrode, six flanking return electrodes and a distant monopolar return. A quasi-monopolar (QMP) fraction is defined as the proportion of current which can be preferentially returned through the distant return, in comparison with the more adjacent flanking electrodes. The simulation results indicate that current focusing and VE strategies can be optimized by tuning the QMP fraction. The QMP fraction is adjusted to optimize the electric field spread based on retinal ganglion cell (RGC) density in the degenerate retina, thereby offsetting the effect of inhomogeneous distribution of surviving RGCs and leading to a uniform stimulation paradigm across electrodes. Importantly, there is negligible difference in functional performance across electrode configurations for distances less than the electrode diameter, implying that the stimulation mode does not significantly affect activation threshold or activated retinal area for electrode diameters greater than the retinal thickness. Furthermore, the QMP fraction has a significant effect on VE performance, defined by activation threshold and activated retinal area, when threshold current is evenly divided between two adjacent active electrodes.

Resumo Limpo

electrod configur implant visual prosthesi array affect spatial electr field distribut within retina contribut current focus virtual electrod ve stimul strategi paper finit element model incorpor various electrod configur use studi interact electrod size electrodetocel distanc current focus ve stimul paradigm electrod array unit compris activ electrod six flank return electrod distant monopolar return quasimonopolar qmp fraction defin proport current can preferenti return distant return comparison adjac flank electrod simul result indic current focus ve strategi can optim tune qmp fraction qmp fraction adjust optim electr field spread base retin ganglion cell rgc densiti degener retina therebi offset effect inhomogen distribut surviv rgcs lead uniform stimul paradigm across electrod import neglig differ function perform across electrod configur distanc less electrod diamet impli stimul mode signific affect activ threshold activ retin area electrod diamet greater retin thick furthermor qmp fraction signific effect ve perform defin activ threshold activ retin area threshold current even divid two adjac activ electrod

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