Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Increased variation of the response index of nociception during noxious stimulation in patients during general anaesthesia.

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Resumo

JECTIVE: Analgesia is an important part of general anaesthesia, but no direct indicators of nociceptive-anti-nociceptive balance have been validated in detail. The Response Index of Nociception (RN) is a multiparameter approach which combines photoplethysmographic waveform (PPG), State Entropy (SE), Response Entropy (RE), and heart rate variability (HRV). We aimed at evaluating RN during general anaesthesia; especially we wanted to compare pre- and post-index values of certain noxious stimuli to the average index values. Our assumption was that RN could be a useful indicator of nociceptive-anti-nociceptive balance during the surgery.METHODS: Sixty women undergoing gynaecological or breast surgery participated in the study. All patients had elective surgery and anaesthesia was maintained with propofol-remifentanil target controlled infusion. Neuromuscular blocking agent rocuronium was used at the beginning of the surgery. Electrocardiography (ECG), photoplethysmography (PPG) and electroencelophalography (EEG) were registered and extracted off-line. An index, reflecting amplitude and frequency of occurrence of abrupt increases ("peaks") in the RN was evaluated during surgery in general and around occurrences of predefined noxious stimuli in particular.RESULTS: Fifty-four patients were eligible for analysis. Patient movement was associated with increased index values, both before and after the event. Post-event values of the index for intubation and skin incision were higher than its intra-surgery baseline, while pre-event values remained unchanged.CONCLUSION: Changes in RN can be used to detect noxious stimuli during surgery. RN also predicted movement in our patients under propofol-remifentanil anaesthesia.

Resumo Limpo

jectiv analgesia import part general anaesthesia direct indic nociceptiveantinocicept balanc valid detail respons index nocicept rn multiparamet approach combin photoplethysmograph waveform ppg state entropi se respons entropi re heart rate variabl hrv aim evalu rn general anaesthesia especi want compar pre postindex valu certain noxious stimuli averag index valu assumpt rn use indic nociceptiveantinocicept balanc surgerymethod sixti women undergo gynaecolog breast surgeri particip studi patient elect surgeri anaesthesia maintain propofolremifentanil target control infus neuromuscular block agent rocuronium use begin surgeri electrocardiographi ecg photoplethysmographi ppg electroencelophalographi eeg regist extract offlin index reflect amplitud frequenc occurr abrupt increas peak rn evalu surgeri general around occurr predefin noxious stimuli particularresult fiftyfour patient elig analysi patient movement associ increas index valu event postev valu index intub skin incis higher intrasurgeri baselin preevent valu remain unchangedconclus chang rn can use detect noxious stimuli surgeri rn also predict movement patient propofolremifentanil anaesthesia

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