Comput. Biol. Med. - Baseline characteristics of cervical auscultation signals during various head maneuvers.

Tópicos

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Resumo

Cervical auscultation (CA) is an emerging method of assessing swallowing disorders that is both non-invasive and inexpensive. This technique utilizes microphones to detect acoustic sounds produced by swallowing activity and characterize its behavior. Though some properties of swallowing sounds are known, there is still a need for a complete understanding of the baseline characteristics of cervical auscultation signals as well as how they change due to the patient's head motion, age, and sex. In order to examine these parameters, data was collected from 56 healthy adult participants that performed six different head movement tasks without swallowing. After preprocessing the signal, features were extracted. Dependent variables were time domain, frequency domain and time-frequency domain features. Statistical tests showed that only the skewness and peak frequency were not statistically different for all tasks. The peak frequency results indicate that head movement does not significantly affect the microphone signal, and that it is unnecessary to filter out the lowest frequency components. No sex differences were observed in the extracted features, but several features exhibited age dependence.

Resumo Limpo

cervic auscult ca emerg method assess swallow disord noninvas inexpens techniqu util microphon detect acoust sound produc swallow activ character behavior though properti swallow sound known still need complet understand baselin characterist cervic auscult signal well chang due patient head motion age sex order examin paramet data collect healthi adult particip perform six differ head movement task without swallow preprocess signal featur extract depend variabl time domain frequenc domain timefrequ domain featur statist test show skew peak frequenc statist differ task peak frequenc result indic head movement signific affect microphon signal unnecessari filter lowest frequenc compon sex differ observ extract featur sever featur exhibit age depend

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