Comput. Biol. Med. - The problem of unreasonably high pharmaceutical fees for patients in Chinese hospitals: a system dynamics simulation model.

Tópicos

{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
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{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
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{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
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{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
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{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
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{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
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{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
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{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }

Resumo

The social problem of unreasonably high pharmaceutical costs for patients in Chinese hospitals damages the interests of patients and it has a highly negative impact on the long-term development of the Chinese health service. We constructed a system dynamics model to address two problems, i.e., the unreasonably high prices of drugs and the high level of pharmaceutical fees relative to the medical costs of patients, and we suggest countermeasures and possible solutions. The program Vensim DSS was used to construct a system dynamics model to represent the problem of high pharmaceutical fees for patients in Chinese hospitals. If hospital and medical staff receive a higher kickback rate, they are more likely to prescribe unnecessary expensive drugs to make greater profits, which results in unnecessary drug consumption and irrational drug use, eventually leading to unreasonably high pharmaceutical fees. The benefit chain of the main drug suppliers should be cut off. It is necessary to break the link between the profits from pharmaceutical sales and the prescribing behavior of physicians, and hospital incomes, to avoid any conflicts of interest over how medicines are prescribed. Thus, cost-containment measures and a reformed pharmaceutical distribution system are needed to regulate physicians and hospital interaction.

Resumo Limpo

social problem unreason high pharmaceut cost patient chines hospit damag interest patient high negat impact longterm develop chines health servic construct system dynam model address two problem ie unreason high price drug high level pharmaceut fee relat medic cost patient suggest countermeasur possibl solut program vensim dss use construct system dynam model repres problem high pharmaceut fee patient chines hospit hospit medic staff receiv higher kickback rate like prescrib unnecessari expens drug make greater profit result unnecessari drug consumpt irrat drug use eventu lead unreason high pharmaceut fee benefit chain main drug supplier cut necessari break link profit pharmaceut sale prescrib behavior physician hospit incom avoid conflict interest medicin prescrib thus costcontain measur reform pharmaceut distribut system need regul physician hospit interact

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