Geospat Health - GeoMedStat: an integrated spatial surveillance system to track air pollution and associated healthcare events.

Tópicos

{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
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{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
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{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
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{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
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{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
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{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
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{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

Air pollutants, such as particulate matter with a diameter =2.5 microns (PM2.5) and ozone (O3), are known to exacerbate asthma and other respiratory diseases. An integrated surveillance system that tracks such air pollutants and associated disease incidence can assist in risk assessment, healthcare preparedness and public awareness. However, the implementation of such an integrated environmental health surveillance system is a challenge due to the disparate sources of many types of data and the implementation becomes even more complicated for a spatial and real-time system due to lack of standardised technological components and data incompatibility. In addition, accessing and utilising health data that are considered as Protected Health Information (PHI) require maintaining stringent protocols, which have to be supported by the system. This paper aims to illustrate the development of a spatial surveillance system (GeoMedStat) that is capable of tracking daily environmental pollutants along with both daily and historical patient encounter data. It utilises satellite data and the groundmonitor data from the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the US Environemental Protection Agenecy (EPA), rspectively as inputs estimating air pollutants and is linked to hospital information systems for accessing chief complaints and disease classification codes. The components, developmental methods, functionality of GeoMedStat and its use as a real-time environmental health surveillance system for asthma and other respiratory syndromes in connection with with PM2.5 and ozone are described. It is expected that the framework presented will serve as an example to others developing real-time spatial surveillance systems for pollutants and hospital visits.

Resumo Limpo

air pollut particul matter diamet micron pm ozon o known exacerb asthma respiratori diseas integr surveil system track air pollut associ diseas incid can assist risk assess healthcar prepared public awar howev implement integr environment health surveil system challeng due dispar sourc mani type data implement becom even complic spatial realtim system due lack standardis technolog compon data incompat addit access utilis health data consid protect health inform phi requir maintain stringent protocol support system paper aim illustr develop spatial surveil system geomedstat capabl track daili environment pollut along daili histor patient encount data utilis satellit data groundmonitor data us nation aeronaut space administr nasa us environement protect ageneci epa rspectiv input estim air pollut link hospit inform system access chief complaint diseas classif code compon development method function geomedstat use realtim environment health surveil system asthma respiratori syndrom connect pm ozon describ expect framework present will serv exampl other develop realtim spatial surveil system pollut hospit visit

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