AMIA Annu Symp Proc - A semantic and syntactic text simplification tool for health content.

Tópicos

{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
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{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
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{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
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{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
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{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

Text simplification is a challenging NLP task and it is particularly important in the health domain as most health information requires higher reading skills than an average consumer has. This low readability of health content is largely due to the presence of unfamiliar medical terms/concepts and certain syntactic characteristics, such as excessively complex sentences. In this paper, we discuss a simplification tool that was developed to simplify health information. The tool addresses semantic difficulty by substituting difficult terms with easier synonyms or through the use of hierarchically and/or semantically related terms. The tool also simplifies long sentences by splitting them into shorter grammatical sentences. We used the tool to simplify electronic medical records and journal articles and results show that the tool simplifies both document types though by different degrees. A cloze test on the electronic medical records showed a statistically significant improvement in the cloze score from 35.8% to 43.6%.

Resumo Limpo

text simplif challeng nlp task particular import health domain health inform requir higher read skill averag consum low readabl health content larg due presenc unfamiliar medic termsconcept certain syntact characterist excess complex sentenc paper discuss simplif tool develop simplifi health inform tool address semant difficulti substitut difficult term easier synonym use hierarch andor semant relat term tool also simplifi long sentenc split shorter grammat sentenc use tool simplifi electron medic record journal articl result show tool simplifi document type though differ degre cloze test electron medic record show statist signific improv cloze score

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