Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg - Use of normative distribution of gray to white matter ratio in orthogonal planes in human brain studies and computer-assisted neuroradiology.

Tópicos

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Resumo

RPOSE: Although the brain has been extensively studied, relationships of gray (GM) to white (WM) matters in individual sections as typically acquired and read radiologically have not yet been examined. A novel GM/WM-based approach with a compact whole brain representation is introduced and applied to study the brain and perform neuroimage processing.METHODS: The gray to white matter ratio GWR defined as GM/(GM+WM) was calculated for 3T T1-weighted axial, coronal, and sagittal sections of 75 normal subjects. The mean (normative) GWR curves were employed to describe the normal brain and quantify aging and to illustrate pathology detection and characterization.RESULTS: The mean GWR curves characterize the normal brain by only six, neuroanatomy-related numbers. The regions with a significant GWR decline with age surround the ventricular system. The GWR decline rate in males is higher (-0.17%/year) than females (-0.14%/year); moreover, males show a significantly higher decline in middle to elder group. The GWR decline from young (=25?years) to middle (26-40?years) age group (males/females -0.31%/-0.34%/year) is significantly higher than that from middle to elder (>40?years) group (males/females -0.13/-0.07%/year).CONCLUSION: The GWR-based analysis is useful to characterize normal brain, determine significant regions of interest, and quantify healthy aging. It has potential applications in brain compression, comparison, morphometry, normalization, and detecting and quantifying pathologies, which open new avenues in computer-assisted neuroradiology from screening to large brain databases searching.

Resumo Limpo

rpose although brain extens studi relationship gray gm white wm matter individu section typic acquir read radiolog yet examin novel gmwmbase approach compact whole brain represent introduc appli studi brain perform neuroimag processingmethod gray white matter ratio gwr defin gmgmwm calcul t tweight axial coron sagitt section normal subject mean normat gwr curv employ describ normal brain quantifi age illustr patholog detect characterizationresult mean gwr curv character normal brain six neuroanatomyrel number region signific gwr declin age surround ventricular system gwr declin rate male higher year femal year moreov male show signific higher declin middl elder group gwr declin young year middl year age group malesfemal year signific higher middl elder year group malesfemal yearconclus gwrbase analysi use character normal brain determin signific region interest quantifi healthi age potenti applic brain compress comparison morphometri normal detect quantifi patholog open new avenu computerassist neuroradiolog screen larg brain databas search

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