Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg - Complete fully automatic model-based segmentation of normal and pathological lymph nodes in CT data.

Tópicos

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Resumo

RPOSE: Exact and reproducible knowledge regarding the position, size, and type of the lymph nodes is often needed for tumor computer-aided diagnosis, treatment planning, and follow-up. An automatic segmentation method for CT data was developed that can identify and delineate normal as well as pathologically altered lymph nodes to satisfy this requirement.METHODS: A semi-automatic lymph node segmentation method was developed using a 3D Stable Mass-Spring Model (SMSM), based on parallel simulation of the shape model on CT scan images. The models are started across the whole dataset at all potential lymph node positions but will only adapt to the data where a lymph node is found. The node positions can be determined by an evaluation of the model's quality of fit.RESULTS: Systematically chosen lymph nodes in 5 CT datasets, including enlarged, necrotic, fuzzy-bounded, and deformed lymph nodes, were used to evaluate the segmentation algorithm performance. A test set of 29 lymph nodes taken from 4 typical lymph node regions were included. All lymph nodes were detected automatically, while an additional 31% false-positive (n = 9) candidates were detected. The average calculation time was 2 min per dataset. The segmentation accuracy was comparable to the inter-observer variance of human experts.CONCLUSIONS: Clinically relevant lymph nodes were detected within a few minutes and provided sufficient accuracy to demonstrate the feasibility of a new segmentation method. The test data were diverse, and the robust results suggest potential applicability to many kinds of lymph node abnormalities, except for extremely degenerated lymph nodes.

Resumo Limpo

rpose exact reproduc knowledg regard posit size type lymph node often need tumor computeraid diagnosi treatment plan followup automat segment method ct data develop can identifi delin normal well patholog alter lymph node satisfi requirementmethod semiautomat lymph node segment method develop use d stabl massspr model smsm base parallel simul shape model ct scan imag model start across whole dataset potenti lymph node posit will adapt data lymph node found node posit can determin evalu model qualiti fitresult systemat chosen lymph node ct dataset includ enlarg necrot fuzzybound deform lymph node use evalu segment algorithm perform test set lymph node taken typic lymph node region includ lymph node detect automat addit falseposit n candid detect averag calcul time min per dataset segment accuraci compar interobserv varianc human expertsconclus clinic relev lymph node detect within minut provid suffici accuraci demonstr feasibl new segment method test data divers robust result suggest potenti applic mani kind lymph node abnorm except extrem degener lymph node

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