Int J Health Geogr - Social differences in avoidable mortality between small areas of 15 European cities: an ecological study.

Tópicos

{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ method(1557) propos(1049) approach(1037) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ surgeri(1148) surgic(1085) robot(1054) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ treatment(1704) effect(941) patient(846) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ algorithm(1844) comput(1787) effici(935) }
{ extract(1171) text(1153) clinic(932) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ method(984) reconstruct(947) comput(926) }
{ search(2224) databas(1162) retriev(909) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ model(2341) predict(2261) use(1141) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
{ studi(1119) effect(1106) posit(819) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

CKGROUND: Health and inequalities in health among inhabitants of European cities are of major importance for European public health and there is great interest in how different health care systems in Europe perform in the reduction of health inequalities. However, evidence on the spatial distribution of cause-specific mortality across neighbourhoods of European cities is scarce. This study presents maps of avoidable mortality in European cities and analyses differences in avoidable mortality between neighbourhoods with different levels of deprivation.METHODS: We determined the level of mortality from 14 avoidable causes of death for each neighbourhood of 15 large cities in different European regions. To address the problems associated with Standardised Mortality Ratios for small areas we smooth them using the Bayesian model proposed by Besag, York and Molli?. Ecological regression analysis was used to assess the association between social deprivation and mortality.RESULTS: Mortality from avoidable causes of death is higher in deprived neighbourhoods and mortality rate ratios between areas with different levels of deprivation differ between gender and cities. In most cases rate ratios are lower among women. While Eastern and Southern European cities show higher levels of avoidable mortality, the association of mortality with social deprivation tends to be higher in Northern and lower in Southern Europe.CONCLUSIONS: There are marked differences in the level of avoidable mortality between neighbourhoods of European cities and the level of avoidable mortality is associated with social deprivation. There is no systematic difference in the magnitude of this association between European cities or regions. Spatial patterns of avoidable mortality across small city areas can point to possible local problems and specific strategies to reduce health inequality which is important for the development of urban areas and the well-being of their inhabitants.

Resumo Limpo

ckground health inequ health among inhabit european citi major import european public health great interest differ health care system europ perform reduct health inequ howev evid spatial distribut causespecif mortal across neighbourhood european citi scarc studi present map avoid mortal european citi analys differ avoid mortal neighbourhood differ level deprivationmethod determin level mortal avoid caus death neighbourhood larg citi differ european region address problem associ standardis mortal ratio small area smooth use bayesian model propos besag york molli ecolog regress analysi use assess associ social depriv mortalityresult mortal avoid caus death higher depriv neighbourhood mortal rate ratio area differ level depriv differ gender citi case rate ratio lower among women eastern southern european citi show higher level avoid mortal associ mortal social depriv tend higher northern lower southern europeconclus mark differ level avoid mortal neighbourhood european citi level avoid mortal associ social depriv systemat differ magnitud associ european citi region spatial pattern avoid mortal across small citi area can point possibl local problem specif strategi reduc health inequ import develop urban area wellb inhabit

Resumos Similares

Int J Health Geogr - Analysis of matched geographical areas to study potential links between environmental exposure to oil refineries and non-Hodgkin lymphoma mortality in Spain. ( 0,792843356389227 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial clustering of non-transported cardiac decedents: the results of a point pattern analysis and an inquiry into social environmental correlates. ( 0,787170999774266 )
Int J Health Geogr - Challenges to mapping the health risk of hepatitis A virus infection. ( 0,782965676920229 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial epidemiology of hospital-diagnosed brucellosis in Kampala, Uganda. ( 0,77563069937659 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geographically weighted regression of land cover determinants of Plasmodium falciparum transmission in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. ( 0,766474651846827 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geoadditive models to assess spatial variation of HIV infections among women in local communities of Durban, South Africa. ( 0,766098679348721 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Neighborhood geographic disparities in heart attack and stroke mortality: comparison of global and local modeling approaches. ( 0,761572360864641 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Robust assessment of spatial non-stationarity in model associations related to pediatric mortality due to diarrheal disease in Brazil. ( 0,760015752819721 )
Int J Health Geogr - The spatial distribution of esophageal and gastric cancer in Caspian region of Iran: an ecological analysis of diet and socio-economic influences. ( 0,748255929127344 )
Int J Health Geogr - Including the urban heat island in spatial heat health risk assessment strategies: a case study for Birmingham, UK. ( 0,737356874261878 )
Int J Health Geogr - Lung cancer risk and pollution in an industrial region of Northern Spain: a hospital-based case-control study. ( 0,725821316019101 )
Int J Health Geogr - Does context matter for the relationship between deprivation and all-cause mortality? The West vs. the rest of Scotland. ( 0,720464511457381 )
Int J Health Geogr - A geographic analysis of population density thresholds in the influenza pandemic of 1918-19. ( 0,719393200839519 )
Int J Health Geogr - Highways and outposts: economic development and health threats in the central Brazilian Amazon region. ( 0,709372970426861 )
Int J Health Geogr - Infant mortality in South Africa--distribution, associations and policy implications, 2007: an ecological spatial analysis. ( 0,707504858809779 )
Int J Health Geogr - A systematic review of the application and utility of geographical information systems for exploring disease-disease relationships in paediatric global health research: the case of anaemia and malaria. ( 0,702934845443186 )
Int J Health Geogr - Natural-focal diseases: mapping experience in Russia. ( 0,697106215925421 )
Int J Health Geogr - Schistosomiasis transmission and environmental change: a spatio-temporal analysis in Porto de Galinhas, Pernambuco--Brazil. ( 0,69566504743399 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial pattern of body mass index among adults in the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). ( 0,694535016024625 )
Int J Health Geogr - Identification of racial disparities in breast cancer mortality: does scale matter? ( 0,693543335538285 )
Int J Health Geogr - Outdoor air pollution, subtypes and severity of ischemic stroke--a small-area level ecological study. ( 0,691196383391635 )
Int J Health Geogr - An ecological study on childhood autism. ( 0,686951531466242 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatial and statistical methodologies to determine the distribution of dengue in Brazilian municipalities and relate incidence with the Health Vulnerability Index. ( 0,686918467663718 )
Int J Health Geogr - Identifying landscape features associated with Rift Valley fever virus transmission, Ferlo region, Senegal, using very high spatial resolution satellite imagery. ( 0,68592180531256 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mercury in fish and adverse reproductive outcomes: results from South Carolina. ( 0,685446324185596 )
Int J Health Geogr - Ecological analysis of social risk factors for Rotavirus infections in Berlin, Germany, 2007-2009. ( 0,681690427980575 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatio-temporal clustering of the incidence of schizophrenia in Quebec, Canada from 2004 to 2007. ( 0,677482726759276 )
Int J Health Geogr - East-West gradient in cardio-vascular mortality in Austria: how much can we explain by following the pattern of risk factors? ( 0,676580619559403 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Adjusted significance cutoffs for hypothesis tests applied with generalized additive models with bivariate smoothers. ( 0,675899206431325 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - State transition detection in the spatio-temporal incidence of malaria. ( 0,675280852672353 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatial patterns of human papillomavirus-associated cancers within the state of Minnesota, 1998-2007. ( 0,674913258716924 )
Int J Health Geogr - Is temperature the main cause of dengue rise in non-endemic countries? The case of Argentina. ( 0,672474853020871 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mapping HIV clustering: a strategy for identifying populations at high risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. ( 0,671627316413099 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatial prevalence and associations among respiratory diseases in Maine. ( 0,668679946648784 )
Int J Health Geogr - Potential corridors and barriers for plague spread in Central Asia. ( 0,667870017745138 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Spatial analysis in support of community health intervention strategies. ( 0,666185383434092 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Efficient mapping and geographic disparities in breast cancer mortality at the county-level by race and age in the U.S. ( 0,664775297234138 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatio-temporal epidemiology of highly pathogenic avian influenza (subtype H5N1) in poultry in eastern India. ( 0,663383664566886 )
Int J Health Geogr - National variation in United States sepsis mortality: a descriptive study. ( 0,662167372907347 )
Int J Health Geogr - Investigating the effects of medical density on health-seeking behaviours using a multiscale approach to residential and activity spaces: results from a prospective cohort study in the Paris metropolitan area, France. ( 0,658589824836212 )
Int J Health Geogr - Particulate air pollution and health inequalities: a Europe-wide ecological analysis. ( 0,656543378864334 )
Int J Health Geogr - A spatial and temporal analysis of notifiable gastrointestinal illness in the Northwest Territories, Canada, 1991-2008. ( 0,655052896928188 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mapping amyotrophic lateral sclerosis lake risk factors across northern New England. ( 0,651510677294053 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Estimation of malaria incidence in northern Namibia in 2009 using Bayesian conditional-autoregressive spatial-temporal models. ( 0,64971328697009 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The effect of presence of infected neighbouring farms for the Campylobacter infection status in Danish broiler farms. ( 0,64927904654942 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial distribution and cluster analysis of sexual risk behaviors reported by young men in Kisumu, Kenya. ( 0,647808609408285 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatio-temporal analysis of mortality among children under the age of five in Manhi?a (Mozambique) during the period 1997-2005. ( 0,647366209174985 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - A comparison of conditional autoregressive models used in Bayesian disease mapping. ( 0,647157534267435 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Impact of unlinked deaths and coding changes on mortality trends in the Swiss National Cohort. ( 0,645236845363885 )
Int J Health Geogr - Urban sprawl, obesity, and cancer mortality in the United States: cross-sectional analysis and methodological challenges. ( 0,64401949522267 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The effect of administrative boundaries and geocoding error on cancer rates in California. ( 0,643028274857919 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial patterns of fetal loss and infant death in an arsenic-affected area in Bangladesh. ( 0,642084316493753 )
Int J Health Geogr - Cancer mortality inequalities in urban areas: a Bayesian small area analysis in Spanish cities. ( 0,638796545249279 )
Lifetime Data Anal - A tilting algorithm for the estimation of fractional age survival probabilities. ( 0,638127450157509 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The rubber plantation environment and Lassa fever epidemics in Liberia, 2008-2012: a spatial regression. ( 0,635594119412393 )
Int J Health Geogr - A power comparison of generalized additive models and the spatial scan statistic in a case-control setting. ( 0,632888085483187 )
Int J Health Geogr - Environmental predictors of West Nile fever risk in Europe. ( 0,632017029895019 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatio-temporal variability of bovine tuberculosis eradication in Spain (2006-2011). ( 0,631759160869982 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Space-time confounding adjusted determinants of child HIV/TB mortality for large zero-inflated data in rural South Africa. ( 0,630541960230782 )
Geospat Health - Redefining climate regions in the United States of America using satellite remote sensing and machine learning for public health applications. ( 0,630243551647234 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geographical variation of Crohn's disease residual incidence in the Province of Quebec, Canada. ( 0,628628564773781 )
Comput Methods Programs Biomed - Infection risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with etanercept or adalimumab. ( 0,628077035114088 )
Int J Health Geogr - The effects of summer temperature, age and socioeconomic circumstance on acute myocardial infarction admissions in Melbourne, Australia. ( 0,627508884207203 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial epidemiology and spatial ecology study of worldwide drug-resistant tuberculosis. ( 0,626601867352904 )
Int J Health Geogr - Analysis of simultaneous space-time clusters of Campylobacter spp. in humans and in broiler flocks using a multiple dataset approach. ( 0,624303263826881 )
Int J Health Geogr - The effect of spatial aggregation on performance when mapping a risk of disease. ( 0,624111297881456 )
Med Decis Making - Prevalence of antibodies associated with herd immunity: a new indicator to evaluate the establishment of herd immunity and to decide immunization strategies. ( 0,621238512790109 )
Int J Health Geogr - A ubiquitous method for street scale spatial data collection and analysis in challenging urban environments: mapping health risks using spatial video in Haiti. ( 0,62071537302696 )
Int J Health Geogr - Relevance of the type III error in epidemiological maps. ( 0,619573043738849 )
J Med Syst - A small-area study of environmental risk assessment of outdoor falls. ( 0,619178856795201 )
Int J Health Geogr - Older adults' transportation walking: a cross-sectional study on the cumulative influence of physical environmental factors. ( 0,613551467922476 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Exploring hotspots of pneumococcal pneumonia and potential impacts of ejecta dust exposure following the Christchurch earthquakes. ( 0,613117000215448 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial analyses to identify clusters of adverse antenatal factors for targeted interventions. ( 0,611188425668495 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatio-temporal clusters of incident human brucellosis cases in Ecuador. ( 0,607366080905447 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Prostate cancer incidence in light of the spatial distribution of another screening-detectable cancer. ( 0,606149186577301 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mapping heatwave health risk at the community level for public health action. ( 0,604669381244724 )
Int J Health Geogr - Ambulatory health services utilization in patients with dementia - Is there an urban-rural difference? ( 0,602516387994092 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial epidemiology of eastern equine encephalitis in Florida. ( 0,599731107904484 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Predictive and epidemiologic modeling of the spatial risk of human onchocerciasis using biophysical factors: a case study of Ghana and Burundi. ( 0,598870692303674 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatio-temporal modeling of the African swine fever epidemic in the Russian Federation, 2007-2012. ( 0,596510322687457 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial epidemiology of dry eye disease: findings from South Korea. ( 0,595735627507968 )
Med Decis Making - Derivation of background mortality by smoking and obesity in cancer simulation models. ( 0,595484092391777 )
J Biomed Inform - Sparse modeling of spatial environmental variables associated with asthma. ( 0,595362072546931 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Using a geolocation social networking application to calculate the population density of sex-seeking gay men for research and prevention services. ( 0,593502464237315 )
Int J Health Geogr - Agricultural landscape and spatial distribution of Toxoplasma gondii in rural environment: an agent-based model. ( 0,589580188697978 )
Int J Health Geogr - Data-driven inference for the spatial scan statistic. ( 0,589324884229789 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Real geographies and virtual landscapes: exploring the influence on place and space on mortality Lexis surfaces using shaded contour maps. ( 0,585879717502008 )
Int J Health Geogr - Feasibility and utility of mapping disease risk at the neighbourhood level within a Canadian public health unit: an ecological study. ( 0,581388785367967 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Mathematical modeling of the HIV/Kaposi's sarcoma coinfection dynamics in areas of high HIV prevalence. ( 0,580323941035396 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Quantification of population benefit in evaluation of biomarkers: practical implications for disease detection and prevention. ( 0,579313466136998 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Animated randomness, avatars, movement, and personalization in risk graphics. ( 0,579155331615601 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The impact of place and time on the proportion of late-stage diagnosis: the case of prostate cancer in Florida, 1981-2007. ( 0,578722612191134 )
Int J Health Geogr - The proportion of youths' physical inactivity attributable to neighbourhood built environment features. ( 0,575983861624658 )
Int J Health Geogr - Associations of supermarket accessibility with obesity and fruit and vegetable consumption in the conterminous United States. ( 0,574374077248149 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - A spatial measure of neighborhood level racial isolation applied to low birthweight, preterm birth, and birthweight in North Carolina. ( 0,573967355865205 )
Int J Health Geogr - Correlations between meteorological parameters and prostate cancer. ( 0,57123509959082 )
Int J Health Geogr - Diarrheal disease risk in rural Bangladesh decreases as tubewell density increases: a zero-inflated and geographically weighted analysis. ( 0,568464129206582 )
Int J Health Geogr - Modeling the spatial distribution of Chagas disease vectors using environmental variables and people?s knowledge. ( 0,56793943872513 )
Int J Health Geogr - Temporal and spatial dynamics of Cryptosporidium parvum infection on dairy farms in the New York City Watershed: a cluster analysis based on crude and Bayesian risk estimates. ( 0,567865430642153 )
Int J Health Geogr - Cardiovascular disease occurrence in two close but different social environments. ( 0,565922210962728 )