Int J Health Geogr - A novel tool for assessing and summarizing the built environment.


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CKGROUND: A growing corpus of research focuses on assessing the quality of the local built environment and also examining the relationship between the built environment and health outcomes and indicators in communities. However, there is a lack of research presenting a highly resolved, systematic, and comprehensive spatial approach to assessing the built environment over a large geographic extent. In this paper, we contribute to the built environment literature by describing a tool used to assess the residential built environment at the tax parcel-level, as well as a methodology for summarizing the data into meaningful indices for linkages with health data.METHODS: A database containing residential built environment variables was constructed using the existing body of literature, as well as input from local community partners. During the summer of 2008, a team of trained assessors conducted an on-foot, curb-side assessment of approximately 17,000 tax parcels in Durham, North Carolina, evaluating the built environment on over 80 variables using handheld Global Positioning System (GPS) devices. The exercise was repeated again in the summer of 2011 over a larger geographic area that included roughly 30,700 tax parcels; summary data presented here are from the 2008 assessment.RESULTS: Built environment data were combined with Durham crime data and tax assessor data in order to construct seven built environment indices. These indices were aggregated to US Census blocks, as well as to primary adjacency communities (PACs) and secondary adjacency communities (SACs) which better described the larger neighborhood context experienced by local residents. Results were disseminated to community members, public health professionals, and government officials.CONCLUSIONS: The assessment tool described is both easily-replicable and comprehensive in design. Furthermore, our construction of PACs and SACs introduces a novel concept to approximate varying scales of community and describe the built environment at those scales. Our collaboration with community partners at all stages of the tool development, data collection, and dissemination of results provides a model for engaging the community in an active research program.

Resumo Limpo

ckground grow corpus research focus assess qualiti local built environ also examin relationship built environ health outcom indic communiti howev lack research present high resolv systemat comprehens spatial approach assess built environ larg geograph extent paper contribut built environ literatur describ tool use assess residenti built environ tax parcellevel well methodolog summar data meaning indic linkag health datamethod databas contain residenti built environ variabl construct use exist bodi literatur well input local communiti partner summer team train assessor conduct onfoot curbsid assess approxim tax parcel durham north carolina evalu built environ variabl use handheld global posit system gps devic exercis repeat summer larger geograph area includ rough tax parcel summari data present assessmentresult built environ data combin durham crime data tax assessor data order construct seven built environ indic indic aggreg us census block well primari adjac communiti pac secondari adjac communiti sac better describ larger neighborhood context experienc local resid result dissemin communiti member public health profession govern officialsconclus assess tool describ easilyreplic comprehens design furthermor construct pac sac introduc novel concept approxim vari scale communiti describ built environ scale collabor communiti partner stage tool develop data collect dissemin result provid model engag communiti activ research program

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