Int J Health Geogr - Spatial access to residential care resources in Beijing, China.

Tópicos

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{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

CKGROUND: As the population is ageing rapidly in Beijing, the residential care sector is in a fast expansion process with the support of the municipal government. Understanding spatial accessibility to residential care resources by older people supports the need for rational allocation of care resources in future planning.METHODS: Based on population data and data on residential care resources, this study uses two Geographic Information System (GIS) based methods--shortest path analysis and a two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method to analyse spatial accessibility to residential care resources.RESULTS: Spatial accessibility varies as the methods and considered factors change. When only time distance is considered, residential care resources are more accessible in the central city than in suburban and exurban areas. If care resources are considered in addition to time distance, spatial accessibility is relatively poor in the central city compared to the northeast to southeast side of the suburban and exurban areas. The resources in the northwest to southwest side of the city are the least accessible, even though several hotspots of residential care resources are located in these areas.CONCLUSIONS: For policy making, it may require combining various methods for a comprehensive analysis. The methods used in this study provide tools for identifying underserved areas in order to improve equity in access to and efficiency in allocation of residential care resources in future planning.

Resumo Limpo

ckground popul age rapid beij residenti care sector fast expans process support municip govern understand spatial access residenti care resourc older peopl support need ration alloc care resourc futur planningmethod base popul data data residenti care resourc studi use two geograph inform system gis base methodsshortest path analysi twostep float catchment area sfca method analys spatial access residenti care resourcesresult spatial access vari method consid factor chang time distanc consid residenti care resourc access central citi suburban exurban area care resourc consid addit time distanc spatial access relat poor central citi compar northeast southeast side suburban exurban area resourc northwest southwest side citi least access even though sever hotspot residenti care resourc locat areasconclus polici make may requir combin various method comprehens analysi method use studi provid tool identifi underserv area order improv equiti access effici alloc residenti care resourc futur plan

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