Int J Health Geogr - Where they live, how they play: neighborhood greenness and outdoor physical activity among preschoolers.

Tópicos

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Resumo

CKGROUND: Emerging empirical evidence suggests exposure to "green" environments may encourage higher levels of physical activity among children. Few studies, however, have explored this association exclusively in pre-school aged children in the United States. We examined whether residing in neighborhoods with higher levels of greenness was associated with higher levels of outdoor physical activity among preschoolers. In addition, we also explored whether outdoor playing behaviors (e.g., active vs. quiet) were influenced by levels of neighborhood greenness independent of demographic and parental support factors.RESULTS: Higher levels of neighborhood greenness as measured by the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) was associated with higher levels of outdoor playing time among preschool-aged children in our sample. Specifically, a one unit increase in neighborhood greenness increased a child's outdoor playing time by approximately 3 minutes. A dose-response relationship was observed between increasing levels of parental support for physical activity (e.g., time spent playing with children) and child outdoor physical activity (p < 0.01).CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with previous studies, neighborhood greenness influences physical activity behavior. However, for preschoolers, parental involvement may be more critical for improving physical activity levels.

Resumo Limpo

ckground emerg empir evid suggest exposur green environ may encourag higher level physic activ among children studi howev explor associ exclus preschool age children unit state examin whether resid neighborhood higher level green associ higher level outdoor physic activ among preschool addit also explor whether outdoor play behavior eg activ vs quiet influenc level neighborhood green independ demograph parent support factorsresult higher level neighborhood green measur normal differ veget index ndvi associ higher level outdoor play time among preschoolag children sampl specif one unit increas neighborhood green increas child outdoor play time approxim minut doserespons relationship observ increas level parent support physic activ eg time spent play children child outdoor physic activ p conclus consist previous studi neighborhood green influenc physic activ behavior howev preschool parent involv may critic improv physic activ level

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