Int J Health Geogr - Measuring the impact of spatial network layout on community social cohesion: a cross-sectional study.

Tópicos

{ studi(1119) effect(1106) posit(819) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ model(2341) predict(2261) use(1141) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ surgeri(1148) surgic(1085) robot(1054) }
{ algorithm(1844) comput(1787) effici(935) }
{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ extract(1171) text(1153) clinic(932) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ treatment(1704) effect(941) patient(846) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ method(1557) propos(1049) approach(1037) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ method(984) reconstruct(947) comput(926) }
{ search(2224) databas(1162) retriev(909) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

CKGROUND: There is now a substantial body of research suggesting that social cohesion, a collective characteristic measured by the levels of trust, reciprocity and formation of strong social bonds within communities, is an important factor in determining health. Of particular interest is the extent to which factors in the built environment facilitate, or impede, the development of social bonds. Severance is a characteristic of physical environments which is hypothesized to inhibit cohesion. In the current study we test a number of characteristics of spatial networks which could be hypothesized to relate either to severance, or directly to community cohesion. Particular focus is given to our most promising variable for further analysis (Convex Hull Maximum Radius 600 m).METHODS: In the current study we analysed social cohesion as measured at Enumeration District level, aggregated from a survey of 10,892 individuals aged 18 to 74 years in the Caerphilly Health and Social Needs Cohort Study, 2001. In a data mining process we test 16 network variables on multiple scales. The variable showing the most promise is validated in a test on an independent data set. We then conduct a multivariate regression also including Townsend deprivation scores and urban/rural status as predictor variables for social cohesion.RESULTS: We find convex hull maximum radius at a 600 m scale to have a small but highly significant correlation with social cohesion on both data sets. Deprivation has a stronger effect. Splitting the analysis by tertile of deprivation, we find that the effect of severance as measured by this variable is strongest in the most deprived areas. A range of spatial scales are tested, with the strongest effects being observed at scales that match typical walking distances.CONCLUSION: We conclude that physical connectivity as measured in this paper has a significant effect on social cohesion, and that our measure is unlikely to proxy either deprivation or the urban/rural status of communities. Possible mechanisms for the effect include intrinsic navigability of areas, and the existence of a focal route on which people can meet on foot. Further investigation may lead to much stronger predictive models of social cohesion.

Resumo Limpo

ckground now substanti bodi research suggest social cohes collect characterist measur level trust reciproc format strong social bond within communiti import factor determin health particular interest extent factor built environ facilit imped develop social bond sever characterist physic environ hypothes inhibit cohes current studi test number characterist spatial network hypothes relat either sever direct communiti cohes particular focus given promis variabl analysi convex hull maximum radius mmethod current studi analys social cohes measur enumer district level aggreg survey individu age year caerphilli health social need cohort studi data mine process test network variabl multipl scale variabl show promis valid test independ data set conduct multivari regress also includ townsend depriv score urbanrur status predictor variabl social cohesionresult find convex hull maximum radius m scale small high signific correl social cohes data set depriv stronger effect split analysi tertil depriv find effect sever measur variabl strongest depriv area rang spatial scale test strongest effect observ scale match typic walk distancesconclus conclud physic connect measur paper signific effect social cohes measur unlik proxi either depriv urbanrur status communiti possibl mechan effect includ intrins navig area exist focal rout peopl can meet foot investig may lead much stronger predict model social cohes

Resumos Similares

Int J Health Geogr - Neighborhood differences in social capital in Ghent (Belgium): a multilevel approach. ( 0,813472542750061 )
Int J Health Geogr - Associations of neighborhood characteristics with active park use: an observational study in two cities in the USA and Belgium. ( 0,794735969386906 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Health-related effects reported by electronic cigarette users in online forums. ( 0,73674771157975 )
J Am Med Inform Assoc - Tweeting it off: characteristics of adults who tweet about a weight loss attempt. ( 0,689947863501675 )
Int J Health Geogr - Defining neighborhood boundaries in studies of spatial dependence in child behavior problems. ( 0,68922942463875 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Understanding and using comparative healthcare information; the effect of the amount of information and consumer characteristics and skills. ( 0,680633850482579 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - A natural language processing algorithm to define a venous thromboembolism phenotype. ( 0,669830286912316 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial examination of lithium in drinking water and suicide mortality. ( 0,665562777049852 )
Perspect Health Inf Manag - Preparing for ICD-10-CM/PCS implementation: impact on productivity and quality. ( 0,663330498612086 )
Med Biol Eng Comput - Relationship between gluteal muscle activation and upper extremity kinematics and kinetics in softball position players. ( 0,649467764763965 )
J Med Syst - Computer anxiety in nursing: an investigation from Turkish nurses. ( 0,646100876756799 )
J Biomed Inform - Health outcomes and related effects of using social media in chronic disease management: a literature review and analysis of affordances. ( 0,64561028909764 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Online information exchanges for parents of children with a rare health condition: key findings from an online support community. ( 0,643511065340372 )
Int J Health Geogr - A spatial epidemiological analysis of self-rated mental health in the slums of Dhaka. ( 0,636206302944234 )
Int J Health Geogr - Modelling environmental factors correlated with podoconiosis: a geospatial study of non-filarial elephantiasis. ( 0,628614529595201 )
Int J Med Inform - Seeking health information on the web: positive hypothesis testing. ( 0,626859685579066 )
Methods Inf Med - Challenges in measuring the impact of interruption on patient safety and workflow outcomes. ( 0,623367684459856 )
Int J Health Geogr - Small-scale health-related indicator acquisition using secondary data spatial interpolation. ( 0,61951339567938 )
Health Info Libr J - Evaluating the quality of websites relating to diet and eating disorders. ( 0,605244246785155 )
J Clin Monit Comput - Do waking salivary cortisol levels correlate with anesthesiologist's job involvement? ( 0,602503139780048 )
Med Decis Making - Health effects in significant others: separating family and care-giving effects. ( 0,602168993222757 )
Res Synth Methods - Conclusions from meta-analytic structural equation models generally do not change due to corrections for study artifacts. ( 0,59940697168269 )
Med Decis Making - A balance beam aid for instruction in clinical diagnostic reasoning. ( 0,597430197436328 )
J Biomed Inform - Pharmaceutical drugs chatter on Online Social Networks. ( 0,596781294993889 )
Int J Med Inform - Improving quality of care. A systematic review on how medical registries provide information feedback to health care providers. ( 0,59540475324742 )
Neural Comput - A causal perspective on the analysis of signal and noise correlations and their role in population coding. ( 0,593482674548984 )
Int J Health Geogr - Determinants of tick-borne encephalitis in counties of southern Germany, 2001-2008. ( 0,591414528295177 )
Med Biol Eng Comput - Intra-subject variability of snoring sounds in relation to body position, sleep stage, and blood oxygen level. ( 0,590140367415449 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Using twitter to examine smoking behavior and perceptions of emerging tobacco products. ( 0,587720833603505 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Immigrant maternal depression and social networks. A multilevel Bayesian spatial logistic regression in South Western Sydney, Australia. ( 0,585389795580884 )
Artif Intell Med - Improving predictive models of glaucoma severity by incorporating quality indicators. ( 0,58250752708215 )
Int J Health Geogr - Modelling typhoid risk in Dhaka metropolitan area of Bangladesh: the role of socio-economic and environmental factors. ( 0,581787119829995 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Work and mass personal communication as means of navigating nutrition and exercise concerns in an online cancer community. ( 0,579826183943484 )
Comput. Biol. Med. - Examining the stability of genetic risk effect as evidence accumulates in the context of meta-analysis. ( 0,577361931404738 )
J. Comput. Biol. - Using iterative ridge regression to explore associations between conditioned variables. ( 0,577068549283826 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Using geospatial technologies to explore activity-based retail food environments. ( 0,565193842670144 )
Comput Biol Chem - On the evolution rate in mammalian mitochondrial genomes. ( 0,563963605376261 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Effects of an eHealth literacy intervention for older adults. ( 0,563411595271685 )
Int J Med Inform - User evaluations of design complexity: the impact of visual perceptions for effective online health communication. ( 0,55960874152039 )
J Am Med Inform Assoc - Factors that physicians find encouraging and discouraging about electronic prescribing: a quantitative study. ( 0,557768926979489 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - How feedback biases give ineffective medical treatments a good reputation. ( 0,551361295823176 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - The 1% rule in four digital health social networks: an observational study. ( 0,54859217619826 )
Appl Clin Inform - The association between health information exchange and measures of patient satisfaction. ( 0,547629042011439 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Auditing hierarchical cycles to locate other inconsistencies in the UMLS. ( 0,547319209431045 )
Telemed J E Health - New mothers' interest in web-based health promotion: association with healthcare barriers, risk status, and user characteristics. ( 0,545461308053444 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Predictive and epidemiologic modeling of the spatial risk of human onchocerciasis using biophysical factors: a case study of Ghana and Burundi. ( 0,545274328954363 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Evaluating de novo locus-disease discoveries in GWAS using the signal-to-noise ratio. ( 0,544506799941042 )
AMIA Annu Symp Proc - Sharing is caring, but not error free: transparency of granular controls for sharing personal health information in social networks. ( 0,541180805934004 )
J Biomed Inform - Circles of Health: towards an advanced social network about disabilities of neurological origin. ( 0,539113834717869 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - HealthTrust: a social network approach for retrieving online health videos. ( 0,538965740642997 )
Int J Health Geogr - Studying relationships between environment and malaria incidence in Camopi (French Guiana) through the objective selection of buffer-based landscape characterisations. ( 0,538882529904242 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Online activity and participation in treatment affects the perceived efficacy of social health networks among patients with chronic illness. ( 0,538347136566803 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - The role of Facebook in Crush the Crave, a mobile- and social media-based smoking cessation intervention: qualitative framework analysis of posts. ( 0,537433109125773 )
Int J Health Geogr - Racial differences in the built environment--body mass index relationship? A geospatial analysis of adolescents in urban neighborhoods. ( 0,536795712859166 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Mathematical model of the effect of interstitial fluid pressure on angiogenic behavior in solid tumors. ( 0,536176508416507 )
Med Biol Eng Comput - The possibility of determination of accuracy of performance just before the onset of a reaching task using movement-related cortical potentials. ( 0,532142950158118 )
J Chem Inf Model - Insights into molecular basis of cytochrome p450 inhibitory promiscuity of compounds. ( 0,531580289644228 )
Health Info Libr J - Examining the application of Web 2.0 in medical-related organisations. ( 0,53068006835533 )
Neural Comput - Impact of spike train autostructure on probability distribution of joint spike events. ( 0,530371760187218 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Web-based guide to health: relationship of theoretical variables to change in physical activity, nutrition and weight at 16-months. ( 0,529482934238085 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Therapeutic affordances of social media: emergent themes from a global online survey of people with chronic pain. ( 0,529099434871621 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Social media and rating sites as tools to understanding quality of care: a scoping review. ( 0,526652015293757 )
J Med Syst - Learning from colleagues about healthcare IT implementation and optimization: lessons from a medical informatics listserv. ( 0,526187829430514 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial analysis of HIV-Related social stigma: a study of tested females across mandals of Andhra Pradesh in India. ( 0,524766256176048 )
Inform Health Soc Care - Characteristics of patients seeking health information online via social health networks versus general Internet sites: a comparative study. ( 0,52433816785992 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Crime, neighborhood deprivation, and asthma: a GIS approach to define and assess neighborhoods. ( 0,523503278999136 )
Int J Health Geogr - Standardized observation of neighbourhood disorder: does it work in Canada? ( 0,52219593868576 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Applying social network analysis to understand the knowledge sharing behaviour of practitioners in a clinical online discussion forum. ( 0,52088506769149 )
Int J Health Geogr - Land-use and land-cover assessment for the study of lifestyle change in a rural Mexican community: the Maycoba project. ( 0,520517863519619 )
Inform Health Soc Care - Online conversations among Ontario university students: environmental concerns. ( 0,519634553249051 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Social cognitive determinants of nutrition and physical activity among web-health users enrolling in an online intervention: the influence of social support, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and self-regulation. ( 0,515073557855803 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Correlation and interaction visualization of altmetric indicators extracted from scholarly social network activities: dimensions and structure. ( 0,514721758405889 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Are health behavior change interventions that use online social networks effective? A systematic review. ( 0,514238210912722 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Enabling community through social media. ( 0,51366316365325 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Real-time sharing and expression of migraine headache suffering on Twitter: a cross-sectional infodemiology study. ( 0,513431765512811 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - An additive regression model for investigating the relationship between childhood health and socio-economic status. ( 0,513035779042307 )
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak - Use of the internet by Italian pediatricians: habits, impact on clinical practice and expectations. ( 0,512684780398625 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Dynamics of high-risk nonvaccine human papillomavirus types after actual vaccination scheme. ( 0,512320392461481 )
Comput Math Methods Med - Neurophysiological tools to investigate consumer's gender differences during the observation of TV commercials. ( 0,510757106852938 )
Med Decis Making - Informing patients: the influence of numeracy, framing, and format of side effect information on risk perceptions. ( 0,509976648085027 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Tweet content related to sexually transmitted diseases: no joking matter. ( 0,507121943776329 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Right time, right place health communication on Twitter: value and accuracy of location information. ( 0,50653433940259 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Use of social media across US hospitals: descriptive analysis of adoption and utilization. ( 0,506524593854143 )
Res Synth Methods - The impact of multiple endpoint dependency on Q and I(2) in meta-analysis. ( 0,506371283159582 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Did you hear the one about the doctor? An examination of doctor jokes posted on Facebook. ( 0,505451689944245 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Interaction patterns of nurturant support exchanged in online health social networking. ( 0,505290960560088 )
Int J Health Geogr - Could drought conditions trigger Schmallenberg virus and other arboviruses circulation? ( 0,503136983354869 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Would you tell everyone this? Facebook conversations as health promotion interventions. ( 0,502771963856867 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Public health interventions: reaching Latino adolescents via short message service and social media. ( 0,502475410124938 )
Int J Health Geogr - Socioeconomic determinants of geographic disparities in campylobacteriosis risk: a comparison of global and local modeling approaches. ( 0,501109553165125 )
Inform Health Soc Care - The impact of an integrated hospital-community medical information system on quality of care and medical service utilisation in primary-care clinics. ( 0,498594047326311 )
Med Biol Eng Comput - Principal components analysis to evaluate ventilatory variability: comparison of athletes and sedentary men. ( 0,498310035008921 )
Int J Health Geogr - Using GPS technology to (re)-examine operational definitions of 'neighbourhood' in place-based health research. ( 0,49791502209531 )
J Chem Inf Model - Aggregation properties of a polymeric anticancer therapeutic: a coarse-grained modeling study. ( 0,49711257995887 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Use of twitter among local health departments: an analysis of information sharing, engagement, and action. ( 0,49677479649415 )
Res Synth Methods - Evidence-based sample size estimation based upon an updated meta-regression analysis. ( 0,495933780731691 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Analysis of spatial variations in the effectiveness of graduated driver's licensing (GDL) program in the state of Michigan. ( 0,495658888531296 )
J. Med. Internet Res. - Exploring the relationship between changes in weight and utterances in an online weight loss forum: a content and correlational analysis study. ( 0,493397119170804 )
Neural Comput - A multifactor winner-take-all dynamics. ( 0,4930941418591 )
Int J Health Geogr - Are residents of downtown Toronto influenced by their urban neighbourhoods? Using concept mapping to examine neighbourhood characteristics and their perceived impact on self-rated mental well-being. ( 0,492801418724466 )