Int J Health Geogr - Alcohol outlets and clusters of violence.


{ spatial(1525) area(1432) region(1030) }
{ studi(1119) effect(1106) posit(819) }
{ howev(809) still(633) remain(590) }
{ data(1737) use(1416) pattern(1282) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ search(2224) databas(1162) retriev(909) }
{ data(2317) use(1299) case(1017) }
{ design(1359) user(1324) use(1319) }
{ compound(1573) activ(1297) structur(1058) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
{ error(1145) method(1030) estim(1020) }
{ state(1844) use(1261) util(961) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ studi(2440) review(1878) systemat(933) }
{ clinic(1479) use(1117) guidelin(835) }
{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ cost(1906) reduc(1198) effect(832) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ high(1669) rate(1365) level(1280) }
{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ method(1969) cluster(1462) data(1082) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }
{ inform(2794) health(2639) internet(1427) }
{ imag(2830) propos(1344) filter(1198) }
{ framework(1458) process(801) describ(734) }
{ problem(2511) optim(1539) algorithm(950) }
{ learn(2355) train(1041) set(1003) }
{ extract(1171) text(1153) clinic(932) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
{ control(1307) perform(991) simul(935) }
{ general(901) number(790) one(736) }
{ perform(999) metric(946) measur(919) }
{ research(1085) discuss(1038) issu(1018) }
{ model(2341) predict(2261) use(1141) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
{ blood(1257) pressur(1144) flow(957) }
{ record(1888) medic(1808) patient(1693) }
{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ intervent(3218) particip(2042) group(1664) }
{ use(2086) technolog(871) perceiv(783) }
{ result(1111) use(1088) new(759) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
{ model(3404) distribut(989) bayesian(671) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
{ system(1976) rule(880) can(841) }
{ measur(2081) correl(1212) valu(896) }
{ imag(1057) registr(996) error(939) }
{ bind(1733) structur(1185) ligand(1036) }
{ sequenc(1873) structur(1644) protein(1328) }
{ method(1219) similar(1157) match(930) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ network(2748) neural(1063) input(814) }
{ imag(2675) segment(2577) method(1081) }
{ patient(2315) diseas(1263) diabet(1191) }
{ take(945) account(800) differ(722) }
{ motion(1329) object(1292) video(1091) }
{ assess(1506) score(1403) qualiti(1306) }
{ treatment(1704) effect(941) patient(846) }
{ surgeri(1148) surgic(1085) robot(1054) }
{ chang(1828) time(1643) increas(1301) }
{ concept(1167) ontolog(924) domain(897) }
{ algorithm(1844) comput(1787) effici(935) }
{ method(1557) propos(1049) approach(1037) }
{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
{ care(1570) inform(1187) nurs(1089) }
{ method(984) reconstruct(947) comput(926) }
{ featur(1941) imag(1645) propos(1176) }
{ case(1353) use(1143) diagnosi(1136) }
{ data(3963) clinic(1234) research(1004) }
{ studi(1410) differ(1259) use(1210) }
{ risk(3053) factor(974) diseas(938) }
{ system(1050) medic(1026) inform(1018) }
{ perform(1367) use(1326) method(1137) }
{ health(3367) inform(1360) care(1135) }
{ model(3480) simul(1196) paramet(876) }
{ monitor(1329) mobil(1314) devic(1160) }
{ ehr(2073) health(1662) electron(1139) }
{ research(1218) medic(880) student(794) }
{ patient(2837) hospit(1953) medic(668) }
{ model(2656) set(1616) predict(1553) }
{ medic(1828) order(1363) alert(1069) }
{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ first(2504) two(1366) second(1323) }
{ activ(1138) subject(705) human(624) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
{ use(976) code(926) identifi(902) }
{ use(1733) differ(960) four(931) }
{ drug(1928) target(777) effect(648) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ process(1125) use(805) approach(778) }
{ activ(1452) weight(1219) physic(1104) }
{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }


CKGROUND: Alcohol related violence continues to be a major public health problem in the United States. In particular, there is substantial evidence of an association between alcohol outlets and assault. However, because the specific geographic relationships between alcohol outlets and the distribution of violence remains obscured, it is important to identify the spatial linkages that may exist, enhancing public health efforts to curb both violence and morbidity.METHODS: The present study utilizes police-recorded data on simple and aggravated assaults in Cincinnati, Ohio. Addresses of alcohol outlets for Cincinnati, including all bars, alcohol-serving restaurants, and off-premise liquor and convenience stores were obtained from the Ohio Division of Liquor Control and geocoded for analysis. A combination of proximity analysis, spatial cluster detection approaches and a geographic information system were used to identify clusters of alcohol outlets and the distribution of violence around them.RESULTS: A brief review of the empirical work relating to alcohol outlet density and violence is provided, noting that the majority of this literature is cross-sectional and ecological in nature, yielding a somewhat haphazard and aggregate view of how outlet type(s) and neighborhood characteristics like social organization and land use are related to assaultive violence. The results of the statistical analysis for Cincinnati suggest that while alcohol outlets are not problematic per se, assaultive violence has a propensity to cluster around agglomerations of alcohol outlets. This spatial relationship varies by distance and is also related to the characteristics of the alcohol outlet agglomeration. Specifically, spatially dense distributions of outlets appear to be more prone to clusters of assaultive violence when compared to agglomerations with a lower density of outlets.CONCLUSION: With a more thorough understanding of the spatial relationships between alcohol outlets and the distribution of assaults, policymakers in urban areas can make more informed regulatory decisions regarding alcohol licenses. Further, this research suggests that public health officials and epidemiologists need to develop a better understanding of what actually occurs in and around alcohol outlets, determining what factors (whether outlet, neighborhood, or spatially related) help fuel their relationship with violence and other alcohol-related harm.

Resumo Limpo

ckground alcohol relat violenc continu major public health problem unit state particular substanti evid associ alcohol outlet assault howev specif geograph relationship alcohol outlet distribut violenc remain obscur import identifi spatial linkag may exist enhanc public health effort curb violenc morbiditymethod present studi util policerecord data simpl aggrav assault cincinnati ohio address alcohol outlet cincinnati includ bar alcoholserv restaur offpremis liquor conveni store obtain ohio divis liquor control geocod analysi combin proxim analysi spatial cluster detect approach geograph inform system use identifi cluster alcohol outlet distribut violenc around themresult brief review empir work relat alcohol outlet densiti violenc provid note major literatur crosssect ecolog natur yield somewhat haphazard aggreg view outlet type neighborhood characterist like social organ land use relat assault violenc result statist analysi cincinnati suggest alcohol outlet problemat per se assault violenc propens cluster around agglomer alcohol outlet spatial relationship vari distanc also relat characterist alcohol outlet agglomer specif spatial dens distribut outlet appear prone cluster assault violenc compar agglomer lower densiti outletsconclus thorough understand spatial relationship alcohol outlet distribut assault policymak urban area can make inform regulatori decis regard alcohol licens research suggest public health offici epidemiologist need develop better understand actual occur around alcohol outlet determin factor whether outlet neighborhood spatial relat help fuel relationship violenc alcoholrel harm

Resumos Similares

Int J Health Geogr - A country bug in the city: urban infestation by the Chagas disease vector Triatoma infestans in Arequipa, Peru. ( 0,857327388156354 )
J Integr Bioinform - Inter-dinucleotide distances in the human genome: an analysis of the whole-genome and protein-coding distributions. ( 0,831737549551084 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial association of endemicity of ataxic polyneuropathy and highly cyanogenic cassava cultivars. ( 0,829723516856649 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Quantifying the magnitude of environmental exposure misclassification when using imprecise address proxies in public health research. ( 0,825997974480009 )
Int J Health Geogr - Density estimation and adaptive bandwidths: a primer for public health practitioners. ( 0,825480865829856 )
Int J Health Geogr - Identifying landscape features associated with Rift Valley fever virus transmission, Ferlo region, Senegal, using very high spatial resolution satellite imagery. ( 0,821862068988371 )
Int J Health Geogr - Nonparametric intensity bounds for the delineation of spatial clusters. ( 0,816395199438515 )
Int J Health Geogr - Proximity of public elementary schools to major roads in Canadian urban areas. ( 0,808305005335923 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Statistical methods for bivariate spatial analysis in marked points. Examples in spatial epidemiology. ( 0,801833255387499 )
Int J Health Geogr - Ecological niche modelling of Hemipteran insects in Cameroon; the paradox of a vector-borne transmission for Mycobacterium ulcerans, the causative agent of Buruli ulcer. ( 0,795878168646158 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The built environment and depressive symptoms among urban youth: A spatial regression study. ( 0,795325581738001 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mapping HIV clustering: a strategy for identifying populations at high risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. ( 0,79394568215483 )
Int J Health Geogr - A high resolution spatial population database of Somalia for disease risk mapping. ( 0,786232611844327 )
Int J Health Geogr - Enhancing spatial detection accuracy for syndromic surveillance with street level incidence data. ( 0,783175784288808 )
Int J Health Geogr - A modified version of Moran's I. ( 0,78254396044229 )
Int J Health Geogr - Pathogenic landscapes: interactions between land, people, disease vectors, and their animal hosts. ( 0,781262610874812 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Violent crime in San Antonio, Texas: an application of spatial epidemiological methods. ( 0,780687486136408 )
Int J Health Geogr - Retrospective space-time analysis of H5N1 Avian Influenza emergence in Thailand. ( 0,778752766467666 )
Int J Health Geogr - The effect of spatial aggregation on performance when mapping a risk of disease. ( 0,778513749168737 )
Int J Health Geogr - A spatial approach for the epidemiology of antibiotic use and resistance in community-based studies: the emergence of urban clusters of Escherichia coli quinolone resistance in Sao Paulo, Brasil. ( 0,777660139618128 )
Int J Health Geogr - Hand, foot and mouth disease: spatiotemporal transmission and climate. ( 0,775990088083216 )
Int J Health Geogr - Developing the atlas of cancer in Queensland: methodological issues. ( 0,774933951831797 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The rubber plantation environment and Lassa fever epidemics in Liberia, 2008-2012: a spatial regression. ( 0,773332281999013 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Adjusted significance cutoffs for hypothesis tests applied with generalized additive models with bivariate smoothers. ( 0,772270124431988 )
Int J Health Geogr - Racial differences in the built environment--body mass index relationship? A geospatial analysis of adolescents in urban neighborhoods. ( 0,769171354936984 )
Int J Health Geogr - Demarcation of local neighborhoods to study relations between contextual factors and health. ( 0,76649991518374 )
Int J Health Geogr - Terra and Aqua satellites track tiger mosquito invasion: modelling the potential distribution of Aedes albopictus in north-eastern Italy. ( 0,764502739909723 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial distribution and cluster analysis of sexual risk behaviors reported by young men in Kisumu, Kenya. ( 0,760727993527599 )
Int J Health Geogr - Smart density: A more accurate method of measuring rural residential density for health-related research. ( 0,760313657227545 )
J Chem Inf Model - Aggregation properties of a polymeric anticancer therapeutic: a coarse-grained modeling study. ( 0,759263942854832 )
Int J Health Geogr - Does context matter for the relationship between deprivation and all-cause mortality? The West vs. the rest of Scotland. ( 0,758205802727967 )
Int J Health Geogr - Particulate air pollution and health inequalities: a Europe-wide ecological analysis. ( 0,755140838134863 )
Int J Health Geogr - Is temperature the main cause of dengue rise in non-endemic countries? The case of Argentina. ( 0,754647109020684 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatio-temporal epidemiology: principles and opportunities. ( 0,748391706221607 )
Neural Comput - Optimal population codes for space: grid cells outperform place cells. ( 0,748299794686599 )
Int J Health Geogr - Modelling the variation of land surface temperature as determinant of risk of heat-related health events. ( 0,73715083152372 )
Int J Health Geogr - Including the urban heat island in spatial heat health risk assessment strategies: a case study for Birmingham, UK. ( 0,736902057232707 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - How to choose geographical units in ecological studies: proposal and application to campylobacteriosis. ( 0,729315011123681 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Prostate cancer incidence in light of the spatial distribution of another screening-detectable cancer. ( 0,727206780339729 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Generalizing the spatial relative risk function. ( 0,721515014563589 )
Int J Health Geogr - Modeling the spatial distribution of Chagas disease vectors using environmental variables and people?s knowledge. ( 0,720568813091852 )
Int J Health Geogr - Agricultural landscape and spatial distribution of Toxoplasma gondii in rural environment: an agent-based model. ( 0,718907881301473 )
Int J Health Geogr - A ubiquitous method for street scale spatial data collection and analysis in challenging urban environments: mapping health risks using spatial video in Haiti. ( 0,718233214968583 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial pattern of body mass index among adults in the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). ( 0,716026868095601 )
Int J Health Geogr - Global spatiotemporal and genetic footprint of the H5N1 avian influenza virus. ( 0,715854217311594 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial epidemiology of eastern equine encephalitis in Florida. ( 0,715830773898662 )
Int J Health Geogr - Diarrheal disease risk in rural Bangladesh decreases as tubewell density increases: a zero-inflated and geographically weighted analysis. ( 0,71508181610611 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Residential address errors in public health surveillance data: a description and analysis of the impact on geocoding. ( 0,711655113744803 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial-explicit modeling of social vulnerability to malaria in East Africa. ( 0,711188067709853 )
J Med Syst - A small-area study of environmental risk assessment of outdoor falls. ( 0,710968494654619 )
Int J Health Geogr - Can a deprivation index be used legitimately over both urban and rural areas? ( 0,709924133183294 )
Int J Health Geogr - Feasibility and utility of mapping disease risk at the neighbourhood level within a Canadian public health unit: an ecological study. ( 0,709194597866573 )
Int J Health Geogr - The modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) in the relationship between exposure to NO2 and respiratory health. ( 0,70875518075754 )
Int J Health Geogr - The effects of local street network characteristics on the positional accuracy of automated geocoding for geographic health studies. ( 0,707526715953243 )
Int J Health Geogr - How do changes to the built environment influence walking behaviors? A longitudinal study within a university campus in Hong Kong. ( 0,705279678959056 )
Int J Health Geogr - Modeling spatial accessibility to parks: a national study. ( 0,701582636195258 )
Int J Health Geogr - An open source software for fast grid-based data-mining in spatial epidemiology (FGBASE). ( 0,700769074558996 )
Int J Health Geogr - A novel tool for assessing and summarizing the built environment. ( 0,699104215697827 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatial and statistical methodologies to determine the distribution of dengue in Brazilian municipalities and relate incidence with the Health Vulnerability Index. ( 0,698150059453697 )
Int J Health Geogr - Relevance of the type III error in epidemiological maps. ( 0,695588679159668 )
Int J Health Geogr - Utilizing spatial statistics to identify cancer hot spots: a surveillance strategy to inform community-engaged outreach efforts. ( 0,693969377078249 )
Int J Health Geogr - Highways and outposts: economic development and health threats in the central Brazilian Amazon region. ( 0,693288255608738 )
Int J Health Geogr - Performance map of a cluster detection test using extended power. ( 0,692048114872441 )
Sci Data - Global database of leishmaniasis occurrence locations, 1960-2012. ( 0,692018145767632 )
Int J Health Geogr - Schistosomiasis transmission and environmental change: a spatio-temporal analysis in Porto de Galinhas, Pernambuco--Brazil. ( 0,691678314879586 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatial error in geocoding physician location data from the AMA Physician Masterfile: implications for spatial accessibility analysis. ( 0,689615390723653 )
Int J Health Geogr - Urban sprawl, obesity, and cancer mortality in the United States: cross-sectional analysis and methodological challenges. ( 0,687140326997399 )
Int J Health Geogr - The road most travelled: the geographic distribution of road traffic injuries in England. ( 0,686869191455973 )
Int J Health Geogr - Spatial patterns of fetal loss and infant death in an arsenic-affected area in Bangladesh. ( 0,686183416163516 )
Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg - A Kohonen neural network description of scoliosis fused regions and their corresponding Lenke classification. ( 0,685749730698543 )
Comput Biol Chem - DNA clustering and genome complexity. ( 0,68540558039654 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geographical variation of Crohn's disease residual incidence in the Province of Quebec, Canada. ( 0,683614727053225 )
Int J Health Geogr - Identification and location of hot and cold spots of treated prevalence of depression in Catalonia (Spain). ( 0,682505683121529 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Using geographical information systems and cartograms as a health service quality improvement tool. ( 0,68212017944713 )
Sci Data - A comprehensive database of the geographic spread of past human Ebola outbreaks. ( 0,680977093482666 )
Int J Health Geogr - A probabilistic sampling method (PSM) for estimating geographic distance to health services when only the region of residence is known. ( 0,680076718863747 )
Int J Health Geogr - Effects of georeferencing effort on mapping monkeypox case distributions and transmission risk. ( 0,679813728850882 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Risk factor modelling of the spatio-temporal patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAIV) H5N1: a review. ( 0,677692673128967 )
Geospat Health - Redefining climate regions in the United States of America using satellite remote sensing and machine learning for public health applications. ( 0,676485604135114 )
Int J Health Geogr - Potential corridors and barriers for plague spread in Central Asia. ( 0,67342246245206 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatial prevalence and associations among respiratory diseases in Maine. ( 0,672429429788676 )
Int J Health Geogr - MosquitoMap and the Mal-area calculator: new web tools to relate mosquito species distribution with vector borne disease. ( 0,671064234197416 )
Int J Health Geogr - International variation in neighborhood walkability, transit, and recreation environments using geographic information systems: the IPEN adult study. ( 0,671061430359477 )
Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial examination of lithium in drinking water and suicide mortality. ( 0,671036935358137 )
Int J Health Geogr - Mapping heatwave health risk at the community level for public health action. ( 0,669322891602519 )
Comput Biol Chem - Evidence of a cancer type-specific distribution for consecutive somatic mutation distances. ( 0,665211807025375 )
Int J Health Geogr - Using GPS technology to (re)-examine operational definitions of 'neighbourhood' in place-based health research. ( 0,66457195024257 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Racial residential segregation impacts on low birth weight using improved neighborhood boundary definitions. ( 0,661471472800721 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Spatial patterns of human papillomavirus-associated cancers within the state of Minnesota, 1998-2007. ( 0,659503834339378 )
Int J Health Geogr - Studying relationships between environment and malaria incidence in Camopi (French Guiana) through the objective selection of buffer-based landscape characterisations. ( 0,658721107603537 )
Int J Health Geogr - Enabling methods for community health mapping in developing countries. ( 0,655992317039511 )
Int J Health Geogr - Outdoor air pollution, subtypes and severity of ischemic stroke--a small-area level ecological study. ( 0,655838488979527 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - A spatial measure of neighborhood level racial isolation applied to low birthweight, preterm birth, and birthweight in North Carolina. ( 0,654516125006625 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - The spatial epidemiologic (r)evolution: a look back in time and forward to the future. ( 0,653416285306259 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - Measuring the spatial accuracy of the spatial scan statistic. ( 0,653308258399707 )
Comput. Biol. Med. - Subdividing globally important zones based on data distribution across multiple genome fragments. ( 0,65242854487789 )
J. Comput. Biol. - Integration of 198 ChIP-seq datasets reveals human cis-regulatory regions. ( 0,651173106745534 )
Med Biol Eng Comput - Spatial complexity and spectral distribution variability of atrial activity in surface ECG recordings of atrial fibrillation. ( 0,650087186180644 )
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol - On the effect of diagnostic misclassification bias on the observed spatial pattern in regional count data--a case study using West Nile virus mortality data from Ontario, 2005. ( 0,647839522023656 )
Int J Health Geogr - A power comparison of generalized additive models and the spatial scan statistic in a case-control setting. ( 0,647421581876058 )