Int J Health Geogr - Relevance of the type III error in epidemiological maps.

Tópicos

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Resumo

CKGROUND: A type III error arises from a two-sided test, when one side is erroneously favoured although the true effect actually resides on the other side. The relevance of this grave error in decision-making is studied for epidemiological maps.RESULTS: Theoretical considerations confirm that a type III error may be large for regions with small numbers of expected cases even when no spatial smoothing has been performed. A simulation study based on infant mortality data in Austria reveals that spatial smoothing may additionally increase the risk of type III errors.CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of a type III error should be taken into account when interpreting results presented in epidemiological maps, particularly with regard to sparsely populated regions and spatial smoothing.

Resumo Limpo

ckground type iii error aris twosid test one side erron favour although true effect actual resid side relev grave error decisionmak studi epidemiolog mapsresult theoret consider confirm type iii error may larg region small number expect case even spatial smooth perform simul studi base infant mortal data austria reveal spatial smooth may addit increas risk type iii errorsconclus occurr type iii error taken account interpret result present epidemiolog map particular regard spars popul region spatial smooth

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