Int J Health Geogr - Geospatial examination of lithium in drinking water and suicide mortality.

Tópicos

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Resumo

CKGROUND: Lithium as a substance occurring naturally in food and drinking water may exert positive effects on mental health. In therapeutic doses, which are more than 100 times higher than natural daily intakes, lithium has been proven to be a mood-stabilizer and suicide preventive. This study examined whether natural lithium content in drinking water is regionally associated with lower suicide rates.METHODS: Previous statistical approaches were challenged by global and local spatial regression models taking spatial autocorrelation as well as non-stationarity into account. A Geographically Weighted Regression model was applied with significant independent variables as indicated by a spatial autoregressive model.RESULTS: The association between lithium levels in drinking water and suicide mortality can be confirmed by the global spatial regression model. In addition, the local spatial regression model showed that the association was mainly driven by the eastern parts of Austria.CONCLUSIONS: According to old anecdotic reports the results of this study support the hypothesis of positive effects of natural lithium intake on mental health. Both, the new methodological approach and the results relevant for health may open new avenues in the collaboration between Geographic Information Science, medicine, and even criminology, such as exploring the spatial association between violent or impulsive crime and lithium content in drinking water.

Resumo Limpo

ckground lithium substanc occur natur food drink water may exert posit effect mental health therapeut dose time higher natur daili intak lithium proven moodstabil suicid prevent studi examin whether natur lithium content drink water region associ lower suicid ratesmethod previous statist approach challeng global local spatial regress model take spatial autocorrel well nonstationar account geograph weight regress model appli signific independ variabl indic spatial autoregress modelresult associ lithium level drink water suicid mortal can confirm global spatial regress model addit local spatial regress model show associ main driven eastern part austriaconclus accord old anecdot report result studi support hypothesi posit effect natur lithium intak mental health new methodolog approach result relev health may open new avenu collabor geograph inform scienc medicin even criminolog explor spatial associ violent impuls crime lithium content drink water

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