Int J Health Geogr - The relationship between mosquito abundance and rice field density in the Republic of Korea.

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Resumo

CKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), the causative agent of Japanese encephalitis (JE), is endemic to the Republic of Korea (ROK) where unvaccinated United States (U.S.) military Service members, civilians and family members are stationed. The primary vector of the JEV in the ROK is Culex tritaeniorhynchus. The ecological relationship between Culex spp. and rice fields has been studied extensively; rice fields have been shown to increase the prevalence of Cx. tritaeniorhynchus. This research was conducted to determine if the quantification of rice field land cover surrounding U.S. military installations in the ROK should be used as a parameter in a larger risk model that predicts the abundance of Cx. tritaeniorhynchus populations. Mosquito data from the U.S. Forces Korea (USFK) mosquito surveillance program were used in this project. The average number of female Cx. tritaeniorhynchus collected per trap night for the months of August and September, 2002-2008, was calculated. Rice fields were manually digitized inside 1.5 km buffer zones surrounding U.S. military installations on high-resolution satellite images, and the proportion of rice fields was calculated for each buffer zone.RESULTS: Mosquito data collected from seventeen sample sites were analyzed for an association with the proportion of rice field land cover. Results demonstrated that the linear relationship between the proportion of rice fields and mosquito abundance was statistically significant (R2 = 0.62, r = .79, F = 22.72, p < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: The analysis presented shows a statistically significant linear relationship between the two parameters, proportion of rice field land cover and log10 of the average number of Cx. tritaeniorhynchus collected per trap night. The findings confirm that agricultural land cover should be included in future studies to develop JE risk prediction models for non-indigenous personnel living at military installations in the ROK.

Resumo Limpo

ckground japanes enceph virus jev causat agent japanes enceph je endem republ korea rok unvaccin unit state us militari servic member civilian famili member station primari vector jev rok culex tritaeniorhynchus ecolog relationship culex spp rice field studi extens rice field shown increas preval cx tritaeniorhynchus research conduct determin quantif rice field land cover surround us militari instal rok use paramet larger risk model predict abund cx tritaeniorhynchus popul mosquito data us forc korea usfk mosquito surveil program use project averag number femal cx tritaeniorhynchus collect per trap night month august septemb calcul rice field manual digit insid km buffer zone surround us militari instal highresolut satellit imag proport rice field calcul buffer zoneresult mosquito data collect seventeen sampl site analyz associ proport rice field land cover result demonstr linear relationship proport rice field mosquito abund statist signific r r f p conclus analysi present show statist signific linear relationship two paramet proport rice field land cover log averag number cx tritaeniorhynchus collect per trap night find confirm agricultur land cover includ futur studi develop je risk predict model nonindigen personnel live militari instal rok

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