Int J Med Inform - Rates, levels, and determinants of electronic health record system adoption: a study of hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Tópicos

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Resumo

JECTIVE: Outside a small number of OECD countries, little information exists regarding the rates, levels, and determinants of hospital electronic health record (EHR) system adoption. This study examines EHR system adoption in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Respondents from 22 hospitals were surveyed regarding the implementation, maintenance, and improvement phases of EHR system adoption. Thirty-seven items were graded on a three-point scale of preparedness/completion. Measured determinants included hospital size, level of care, ownership, and EHR system development team composition.RESULTS: Eleven of the hospitals had implemented fully functioning EHR systems, eight had systems in progress, and three had not adopted a system. Sixteen different systems were being used across the 19 adopting hospitals. Differential adoption levels were positively related to hospital size and negatively to the level of care (secondary versus tertiary). Hospital ownership (nonprofit versus private) and development team composition showed mixed effects depending on the particular adoption phase being considered.DISCUSSION: Adoption rates compare favourably with those reported from other countries and other districts in Saudi Arabia, but wide variations exist among hospitals in the levels of adoption of individual items. General weaknesses in the implementation phase concern the legacy of paper data systems, including document scanning and data conversion; in the maintenance phase concern updating/maintaining software; and in the improvement phase concern the communication and exchange of health information.CONCLUSION: This study is the first to investigate the level and determinants of EHR system adoption for public, other nonprofit, and private hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Wide interhospital variations in adoption bear implications for policy-making and funding intervention. Identified areas of weakness require action to increase the degree of adoption and usefulness of EHR systems.

Resumo Limpo

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